Ancient India and Persia

Created by Melina5 

Upgrade to
remove ads

South Asia

home to the world's tallest mountains;also is a subcontinent

the Himalayas

the world's tallest mountain range

subcontinent

a large expanse of land that juts out from the mainland and is seperated by water from other areas

Asian subcontinent

subcontinent that may have been part of a huge landmass that included Asia, South America, Africa, Austrailia, and Antarctica

eight

the number of countries that are included in South Asia (India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives Islands)

Hindu Kush and the Himalayas

mountain ranges that seperate South Asia from the rest of the continent

Pakistan

country located in the northwestern region of South Asia and is home to the world's second largest mountain

K2

the world's second largest mountain

South Asia's different climate seasons

mild temperatures from October to Feburary, hot from March to May, monsoon season from June to September

monsoon season

season that is very important to the farmers and the economy

three rivers in the South Asian subcontinent

Ganges, Indus, Brahmaputra

subsistence farming

form of farming in which nearly all the crops are used to support the farmer and his family

India and Pakistan's problem

they are too heavily populated countries

a billion

how many people live in India

Deccan Plateau

plateau that lies between the Adrian Sea and the Bay of Bengal and it is made of lava, which produces a rich black soil;it's bordered on the west and east by the East and Western Ghats Mts.

farmers

what most people in India are(job or work)

fishing and clothing manufacturing

important industries along India's southern border

Indus River Valley

first place that people started to settle in around 3500 B.C.

Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro

two cities uncovered by archaeologists in the 1920's and 30's

2500-1700 B.C.

years that the Harappan civilization began and disappeared

natural disaster

how the Harappan civilization disappeared

Aryans

people who migrated to the Indus River Valley around 1500 B.C. from the north across the Hindu Kush Mts. and through the Khyber Pass

Sanskrit

a new language that the Aryans spoke

Vedas

"Books of Knowledge" that the Aryans left behind that contained stories and songs

chariots

horse-drawn carriage: a new technology

rajah

priest leader who leaded an Aryan group

Aryan society (in order)

priests and teachers, warriors and kings, cultivators and artisans and traders and merchants, and sudras and serfs

Cyrus the second

founder of the Persian Empire

Persian Empire

empire that stretched from the Mediterranean Sea to the Indus River Valley

roads and trade

developments that connected India with other lands in Asia

Zoarastroianism

religion that was brought to Persia by the prophet Zoaraster

Chandragupta Maurya

a soldier who seized power in India and started the Mauryan Empire

Ashoka

Chandragupta's granson who took power around 270 B.C.

government

the people who took control over many aspects of life and was highly organized

how the MauRyan Empire ended

when conflicts among the regions broke out in India

Gupta Empire

empire that began in 320 A.D.

science, math, poetry, art, and literature

advancements that India flourished within the Gupta period

trade

how the Gupta economy began to improve

Huns

people who took over the Gupta empire

Hinduism

the main religion of India that is based on Aryan beliefs

Hinduism

world's oldest religion

four

the amount of Vedas

Rig Veda

collecton of hymns that priests recite at ceremonies and rituals

no one

the founder of Hinduism

how Hinduism started

with the religious beliefs of the Aryans from the written Vedas

Brahman

the source and final destination of everything according to Hinduism, who is the one universal being

the 3 principal forms of Brahman

Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva

Shiva

the destroyer, according to Hinduism

Vishnu

the preserver, according to Hinduism, who maintains dharma

Brahma

the creator, according to Hinduism

dharma

the order of the universe, according to Hinduism

Hindus

what the followers of Hinduism are called

the seven essential doctrines or beliefs

peaceful living, freedom of thought, respect for nature and animals, becoming one with Brahman, and the fact that good and bad actiona will one day affect us

reincarnation

the process through which a person goes from one life to the next

karma

the lifetime actions of a person

caste

a lifelong social group that a person is born into

what castes determine

which job each caste member is qualified for

caste system

Hindu system that shows the people at the top, bottom, and middle of the caste

priests and teachers

people at the top of the caste system

rulers and warriors

people who are second in the caste system

farmers and merchants

people who are third in the caste system

untouchables

"servants of all others" who are at the very bottom of the caste system

Siddharta Gautama

the man who came to be known as the Buddha

"the Enlightened One"

another name for Siddharta

a sick person, an old man, a dead body, and a monk

what Siddharta saw when he left the palace

6th century B.C.

when Siddharata was born

who Siddharta joined

a group of men who sought understanding and simple living

six years

how long Siddharta fasted

how Siddharta became enlightened

he sat under a tree and meditated until he realized that all people had the power within them to become free from suffering

Four Noble Truths

what Buddhism is based on. they're about human suffering.

Noble Truth #1

suffering is a part of life for all people

Noble Truth #2

people suffer because they want so many things in life

Noble Truth #3

if people can free themselves from wanting so many things, they will be free from suffering

Noble Truth #4

people can free themselves from suffering by following the Eightfold Path

Eightfold Path

way of living that can help people find relief from suffering

wisdom, morality, and meditation

three qualities that the Eightfold Path reccomends

actions, efforts, and ways of thinking

things that the Eightfold Path says will help Buddhists develop the three Eightfold Path qualities

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set