Greek Achievements

22 terms by Nia_Beckett 

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Thales

1. Philosophy & Philosophers
1st Greek philosopher-
Searched for explanation that the world rested on water & the occurrence of earthquakes

Socrates

1. Philosophy & Philosophers
Questions for everything
Questions criticized government & was put to death

Plato

1. Philosophy & Philosophers
student of Socrates
Wrote two books
• Republic (book on the best way to govern)
• The Apology (book as a response to Socrates)

Aristotle

1. Philosophy & Philosophers
Student of Plato/ teacher of Alexander the Great
• 1st to promote Scientific Method of observation then theory

Hippocrates

2. Medicine
• Father of Medicine- looked for natural causes
• Hippocratic oath- Requires doctors to act ethically & morally

Anaxogoras

3. Science
Solar eclipse explanation

Aristarchus

3. Science
astronomer- earth revolved around the sun

Archimedes

3. Science
• Law of physics
• Body weight in H2O

Direct Democracy

4. Democracy
Everyone citizen (only men) votes. It was like this in Ancient Greece

Representative Democracy

Vote on Representative to vote on issue

Theater

originally songs/ dances in marketplaces (agoras) then open air theaters. By 5th century BC two types of play...
a. Tragedy- serious, tragic end
b. Comedy- light-hearted/ joke, humor

Literature

a. Greek Myths- about gods & heroes
b. Epic poems- celebrating heroic deeds—Iliad & Odyssey (Homer)
c. Lyric poems- concerned with feelings

Herodotus

7. History
wrote about the Persian Wars
• Father of History
• 1st to gather facts and write them down
• Word history comes from his name

Thucydides

7. History
wrote about the Peloponnesian War
Tried to understand events based on actions--- like a reporter

Architecture

a. Parthenon- Temple to Athena- Parts still stand
b. Agoras—open air theatre
c. Columns (p.490)
• Doric- Simple
• Ionic- Swirls
• Corinthian- Leaves

Olympics

Sports to honor gods!
a. Every 4 years- Athletic competition
1. Only Greek men in Olympia
2. Prize was originally olive wreath
3. Started with just a foot race
4. Pentathlon-revealed best all-around athlete

Heraia

Women had own Olympics in non-Olympic years

Alphabet

ours is similar today; adapted from the Phoenician alphabet between 1100-700BC

Pythagoras

Geometry Theorem

Euclid

the father of geometry

Abacus

counting tool

Art

a. Sculptures-human, lifelike
b. Paintings

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