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Who also lived in Gaul?

Romans, Burgundians, Allemani

Why did the Romans, Burgundians, Allemani come together?

to fight the Huns

Who converts to Christianity?

Clovis

What does Martel mean?

hammer

Who made the Holy Roman Empire?

Charlemagne

How did Charlemagne improve the empire?

schools for boys, roads, farming, church

When was the battle of Agincourt?

1415

Who won the battle of Agincourt?

The English

Who wanted the French throne and helped Joan the Arc?

Dauphin

Who was helped by England and wanted the English to rule French?

The Burgundians

Who had red roses on their banner?

Lancastrians

Who had white roses on their banner?

Yorks

What is it called when..... people begin to think of themselves as a nation/country, not just as a town or region?

nationalism

What were the new weapons?

long bow, Cannons, using much larger armies

Where were the Vikings from?

Scandinavia

What is the Great Charter?

Magna Carta

What were the Vikings boats called?

longboats

What were the 3 influences of the Medieval church?

Religious, Political, Economic

Monks and nuns who dedicate their lives to God and live in community together is called?

Monasticism

How many Crusades were there?

8

Who was Alfred's son?

Edward

Who wins the battle of Hastings?

William

Who defeated the Vikings?

Alfred

What is another word for the Franks?

The French

The __________ and _______ could collect taxes.

church and lord

What is being expelled from the church for punishment called?

excommunication

Why did the people want to be able to go to Jerusalem?

because it was Holy

What make Trade in Europe increase?

the crusades

Because of the crusades __________ replaces the _________ __________

money; barter system

What causes bitternes between the Muslim and the Christians?

the crusades

Who gives Europe new ideas and technology?

The Arabs

The crusades cause Christian not to have full control of what?

the Holy Land

_______s were smaller than ________s

Towns; Cities

The _________ _________ was made up of merchants, traders, and craftsman

middle class

________s were made up of weavers, shoemakers, carpenters, etc.

guilds

Overcrowding caused the _______ _______

Black Death

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