This tradition had become the chief religion of the Persians by the middle of the sixth century B.C.E.:
What was most significant about the hoplite class being made eligible for the archonship?
From thereafter no one was prevented from serving in this office on the basis of property class.
The biblical story of Sodom and Gomorrah shows that:
God was bound by his own definition of righteousness.
The idea that cosmic order, human survival, and justice all depended on God could be found in which of the following views?
A and C (Hebrew and Babylonian)
When Cimon rose to power following the wars with Persia:
he dominated Athenian politics for nearly two decades.
Which of the following is correctly identified with his/her power?
Hephaestus, god of fire and metallurgy
Until defeated by the Roman legion, this was the dominant military force in the eastern Mediterranean.
With regard to rapid expansionist policies as practiced by the Assyrians, which of the following would not prove detrimental to an empire?
Conquests would probably create vast networks of trade routes extending well beyond the boundaries of the empire.
The written record, titled Works and Days, give insight to the life of a:
Which Greek traveler/historian was the first to write a lengthy description of the wonders of the city of Babylon?
In practice, and especially in the democratic states, Greeks knew that laws:
were made by humans and should be obeyed because they represented the expressed consent of the people.
Which of the following is not one of the steps of Aristotle's methodology when dealing with varying academic subjects?
the utilization of mathematical principles to determine probability
Which of the following correctly identifies the four classes in Homeric society?
Nobles, thetes, landless laborers, and slaves
A tyrant usually:
All of these answers.
Which three religions trace their origins to the people who arrived in Palestine a little before 1200 B.C.E.?
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
This ancient Near Eastern empire established a strong centralized government with its capital at Hattusas.
About 725 B.C.E., the pressure of population and hunger led this poleis, located on the Peloponnesus, to launch a war of conquest against its western neighbor.
This important discovery took place in northern Anatolia in the years preceding the establishment of the Hittite Kingdom.
The standard form of government in the Mideast was a(n):
The Athenian response to the rebellion on this island proved to be the first significant step in the Delian League's evolution into the Athenian Empire.
Plato believed that the way to harmony was to destroy the causes of strife. Which of the following would he consider a said cause?
one's wife and child.
The Acropolis in Athens is an example of a(n):
What two factors led to the downfall of the kingdom of Ur?
famine and invasion
The Spartan assembly consisted of:
all males over thirty
The first empire in history was established by the:
Which of the following describes the typical Greek colony-mother city relationship?
Greek religion emphasized:
the faithful practice of rituals meant to win the favor of the gods.
Which of the following polis is located in Attica?
The first civilization arose in:
Which of the following Greek cities were in contention to assume the leadership role in Greece in the years following the Peloponnesian War?
Sparta, Thebes, and Athens
What was one major difference between the Hebrew god and Babylonian deities?
The Hebrew god was powerful and wrathful, but he was not arbitrary.
The Greek school of medicine, led by this man, attempted to understand, diagnose, and cure disease without any attention to supernatural forces.
An effect of Draco's special authority to codify and publish laws was, for the first time, the establishment of the:
publication of laws strengthening the hand of the state against powerful nobles.
Who was fairly called the "father of Athenian democracy"?
If one was to ask Protagoras of Abdena about the existence/nature of god(s), which of the following do you believe his response would have been?
I have no proof either way.
Which of the following was a result of the First Messenian War?
Messenians were reduced to the status of serfs.
Which of the following best describes the military strategy employed by the Spartans?
Invade enemy country and threaten crops.
One of the main purposes of the formation of the Delian League was to:
ensure the protection of Greek city-states against a Persian return.
Which of the following best describes the role of the Shahanshah of the Persian Empire?
His rule was divinely sanctioned, and tribute and service was to be paid.
Colonization encouraged trade, industry, and the manufacturing of items such as:
tools, weapons, pottery, and fine artistic metalwork.
According to Empedocles, what two primary forces move the four basic elements that compose our universe?
love and strife
Which of the following would best describe the foreign policy of Pericles in the years following the First Peloponnesian War?
The archaeological findings at Neolithic Jericho and Çatal Höyük suggest that:
settlement patterns of this period may be more complicated then previously inferred.
The most common form of slavery in Mesopotamia was:
Which of the following is true of the Athenians?
They were related to the Ionians and both shared close ties of religion and tradition.
Which of the following best describes the writing system of the Canaanites?
Which Greek philosopher began the unreservedly rational investigation of the universe?
The Spartan constitution contained which element(s) of government?
Monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy
To speak of a law "written in blood" is to insinuate:
that the law is harsh and punishment severe.
In 550 B.C.E., this king captured the capital at Ecbatana and united the Medes and Persians under his own rule.
The striking creations of the palaces uncovered at such sites as Phaestus, Haghia Triada, and, most important, Cnossus can detail much regarding the unique character and beauty of its inhabitants. Based on the description of the palaces, what can you deduce about the daily lifestyle and living structures of the people living within the palaces?
Culture, education, and innovation were valued within the society.
Which of the following is an indirect cause to the growing numbers of enslaved Athenians?
not enough fertilizer
According to the citizenship bill introduced by Pericles, citizenship was limited to those who:
had two citizen parents
Amunemhet I was credited with:
establishing a co-regency system.
What factor contributed most to the success of the Second Assyrian Empire?
The creation of a large, well-disciplined army
Which of the following is not true of the "shaking off of burdens" program?
Land was redistributed.
Which of the following best describes Greek life, thought, art, and literature in the century and a half prior to Macedonian conquest?
Who was the leading naval power in Greece in the fifth century B.C.E.?
What important contribution did Heraclides of Pontus make to the field of astronomy in the fourth century B.C.E.?
He made important suggestions leading to the heliocentric model of the universe.
The architecture of Periclean Athens emphasized:
intellectual and artistic achievement.
Which of the following statements would most aptly apply to Cynics?
Actions, not words, will contribute to one's happiness.
What is the name given to the protracted struggle between Athens and Sparta?
What is the name given to the protracted struggle between Athens and Sparta?
The best known exception to the typical relations between colony and mother city was the case of:
Athens and Sparta.
The earliest Neolithic societies appeared in:
During the Great Invasion, one advantage for the Greeks was:
a strong Athenian navy.
When the Spartans defeated Tegea, their northern neighbor, instead of taking away land and subjugating the defeated state, Sparta left the Tegeans their land and their freedom in exchange for:
following the Spartan lead in foreign affairs and supplying soldiers on demand.
This Hellenistic scientist was able to calculate the circumference of the Earth within 200 miles.
With regards to law, Sophists argued that:
Sophists argued all of these views.
The Peloponnesian War was ignited by conflict in this Corcyraean colony:
This war put an end to Spartan expansionist policies in Asia and caused the eventual destruction of their maritime empire.
The Corinthian War
The acquisition of this Greek state by Philip of Macedon proved to undermine Athenian control of the northern Aegean and gave him control of gold and silver mines that considerably supplemented Macedon's income.
After Cimon's ostracism in the spring of 461 B.C.E., Athens made an alliance with this city-state that was Sparta's traditional enemy.
Royal Egyptian women, particularly during the Eighteenth Dynasty:
wielded considerable influence.
About 750 B.C.E., coinciding with the development of the polis, the Greeks:
created the first true alphabet.
Which of the following cities was the center of literary production in the third and second centuries B.C.E.?