OTTO VON BISMARCK
Chancellor of Prussia from 1862 until 1871, when he became chancellor of Germany. A conservative nationalist, he led Prussia to victory against Austria (1866) and France (1870) and was responsible for the creation of the German Empire (714)
KAISER WILHELM II
the last German Emperor and King of Prussia (German: Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen), ruling both the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918.
reign from 1837-1901 was the longest in English history. Her sense of duty and moral respectability reflected the attitudes of her age, which has ever been known as th Victorian age. British feeling of national pride.
dynasty that favored the nobles, reduced military obligations, expanded the Russian empire further east, and fought several unsuccessful wars, yet they lasted from 1613 to 1917.
tsar of russia during Rev. of 1905 who abdicated in the Feb/Mar Revolution of 1917. had no desire to be a tsar; his father died when he was very young. he was not suited to it. thought tsars were still very common b/c he ignored European democratization. didn't understand the gap between rich & poor in his country. had a lot of real problems.
City on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt founded by Alexander. It became the capital of the Hellenistic kingdom of Ptolemy. It contained the famous Library and the Museum and was a center for leading scientific and literary figures in the classical and postclassical eras.
Daughter of Nicholas II thought to have died when the Romanov family was executed in 1918. Since 1918, several women have claimed to be her.
PREMIER GEORGES CLEMENCEAU
One of the Big Four, from France
-wanted Germany to pay for all the damages caused by the war
VICTOR EMMANUEL III
(1900~1946) King of Italy who asked Mussolini to form a cabinet in 1922, thus allowing Mussolini to take power legally.
Also known as the Great; son of Alexis Romanov; ruled from 1689 to 1725; continued growth of absolutism and conquest; included more definite interest in changing selected aspects of economy and culture through imitation of Western European models.
28th President of the United States led the United States in World War I and secured the formation of the League of Nations (1856-1924) and its 14 points
a royal German family that provided rulers for several European states and wore the crown of the Holy Roman Empire from 1440 to 1806
FRANZ JOSEPH MENELIK I
SULTAN MEH MEH V