The Rise of the People's Republic of China

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The People's Republic of China

Came into being in 1949; Current government of China; NOT the same as the Republic of China

Mao Zedong

Ruler of Chinese communist party, one of the founders of the People's Republic of China

Chinese Communist Party

Believed in the ideals of Lenin and the revolutionary vanguard; Differed from the Bolsheviks because they saw themselves as the champions of the peasantry and called for a peasant revolution, Bolsheviks were the defenders of the working class

Qing Dynasty

Also know as the Manchu Dynasty; Ruled from 1644 to 1911

Wuchang Uprising

Revolutionary group made up of members of the army who were considered nationalists; Responsible for overthrowing the Qing Dynasty and taking the emperor out of power

Mandate from Heaven

Authority of the emperor came from the divine order

Republic of China

Existed from 1911 - 1949; No king or queen; Multiparty rule; Government that was plagued by civil war

Sun Yat-sen

Leader of the nationalist movement in China and transformed the movement into a legitimate political party

Guomindang

Political created in 1912; Became dominant party in the Republic of China

Jiang Jeishi

Also known as Chiang Kai-shek; Member of the Guomindang; Became the head of the Republic of China after his victory in the Chinese civil war

Chen Duxiu

Founder of the Chinese Communist Party created in 1921

Shanghai

Original center of operations for the Chinese Communist Party because it had a large working-class population

Red Army

Also known as the Peoples' Liberation Army; Created as the official military force of the Chinese Communist Party, now considered the largest fighting force in the world today

Hunan

After fleeing from Shanghai, the Chinese Communist Party was centered in this city from the late 1920s to the early 1930s

The Long March

Effort by the communists to escape the nationalist party, covered about 8,000 miles from 1934 - 1944 from Hunan to Shanxi in northern China

Manchuria

Japan seized control over this Chinese province and caused the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War

Second Sino-Japanese War

Japanese effort to take over China that began in 1932

Nanking Massacre

Took place in 1937; Showed how brutally Japan was willing to treat the Chinese to take over their government; Hundreds of thousands of people were killed in one city

Farmosa

Known today as Taiwan; Region where Jiang Jeishi fled to when the communists rose to power in China

Deng Xiaoping

Communist leader of China until 1997

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