French Revolution Test wksht

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i'm hungry

Abdicate

step down from power

Legitimacy

restoring hereditary monarchies

Deficit spending

gov't spends more money then it takes in

Emigre

person who flees a country for political reasons

Suffrage

right to vote

Plebiscite

ballot where you say yes or no

Secular

nonreligious

Factions

small groups

Nationalism

strong feeling and pride for one's country

Sans-culottes

working class people in urban areas who wanted a republic

Bourgeoisie

middle class

Jacobin revolutionary who led the Committee of Public Safety

Maximilien Robespierre

He was executed in Jan 1973

Louis XVI

Louis XVI's financial wizard

Jacques Necker

Austrian prince who wanted to restore the status quo of 1792 at the Congress of Vienna

Metternich

A revolutionary political club made up of middle class lawyers and intellectuals

Jacobins

He took power from the Directory

Napoleon

What was the Continental System

closed European ports to British Goods

What was the Civil Constitution of the Clergy

put French Catholic Church under state control

What was the Concordat of 1801

Napoleon made peace with the Catholic Church

What did the National Assembly vow in the Tennis Court Oath

to keep meeting and never separate until a constitution was made

Why did Louis XVI finally agree to summon the Estates General

to raise taxes

The National Assembly produced the first constitution called

the Constitution of 1791

Group most affected by increase in the price of food

urban workers

Before meeting at Versailles, all three estates prepared ________ listing their grievances

casiers

symbol of the French Revolution

storming of Bastille

four stages of Revolution

1. moderate phase of National Assembly
2. Constitutional Monarchy
3. Reign of Terror
4. Directory

Why did French nobles resist Necker's financial reforms?

it would tax them

What did Robespierre try to accomplish during the Reign of Terror

religious toleration, abolish slavery, and create a republic using terror

what did the Declaration of Rights of Man and the Citizen guarantee

all men remain free and equal in rights

In 1792, the National Convention voted to abolish monarchy and declare France a...

republic

How did the Napoleonic Code reflect Enlightenment principles

equality of all citizens before law

Battle of Trafalgar

stopped Napoleon from invading Britain

Motivated Napoleon to invade Russia

Russia withdrew from the continental system

the issue that rose after the Estates met

voting issue

12 member group that had absolute power

Committee of Public Safety

The Constitution of 1795 set up a 5 man ________ and 2 house legislature

Directory

strategy Czar Alexander used to defeat the French

scorched Earth

By 1812, Napoleon had conquered most of Europe except...

Great Britain

Napoleon's last battle

Battle at Waterloo

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