Founder of the Achaemenid Persian Empire. Between 550 and 530 B.C.E. he conquered Media, Lydia, and Babylon. Revered in the traditions of both Iran and the subject peoples.
(558?BCE - 486BCE) King of Persia who expanded his empire to extend from the Mediterranean to the Indus River.
governor of a province in the Persian Empire
Persian religion founded by Zoroaster; taught that humans had the freedom to choose between right and wrong, and that goodness would triumph in the end
a heavily armed Greek foot soldier
a cruel and oppressive dictator
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
the act giving a gift or of killing (an animal or person) in order to propitiate a deity
wrote about persian war, father of history, word history comes from name, 1st to gather facts and write them down
an aristocratic leader that helped Athens become democratic, he also promoted expansion that helped to star the Peloponnesian War
A series of wars between Greek city-states and the Persian Empire (5th century B.C.).
ancient Greek or Roman galley or warship having three tiers of oars on each side
philosopher who believed in an absolute right or wrong; asked students pointed questions to make them use their reason, later became Socratic method
Athens and Sparta fought, Sparta won
set up Greek colonies to spread Greek culture; set up largest empire of his time a Macedonian King
the blending of cultures that developed after the death of alexander
the Macedonian Dynasty that controlled Egypt, gaining much of its wealth and brought Greeks and others to the region
City in Egypt founded by Alexander the Great, center of commerce and Hellenistic civilization