The trail into Kentucy that woodsman Daniel Boone helped build
a form of government in which citizens elect representatives to govern for them
articles of confederation
a document adopted by the continental congress in 1777and finially aproved by the states in 1781 that outlined the form of government of the new u.s.
land ordinance of 1785
a law that established a plan for survying and selling the federally owned lands west of the appalachian mountains
the vast territory of land that included present-day Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio and Wisconsin; was politically organized by the Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Described how the Northwest Territory was to be governed and set conditions for settlement and settlers' rights
an uprising of dept-ridden massachussets farmers in 1787
meeting of delegates in 1787 to revise the Articles of Confederation, which produced the new U.S. Constitution
one of the ablest delegates
a plan that proposed a gov. with 3 branches and a 2 house legistrature in which rep. would be based on a states population or wealth.
new jersey plan
Opposite of the Virginia Plan, it proposed a single-chamber congress in which each state had one vote.
Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house
three fiths compromise
it proposed that 3/5 of slaves would be counted as part of the population.
a system of gov.is shared between a central gov. and state
supporters of the constitution
Opponents of ratification of the Constitution
the federalist papers
essays that explained and defended the constitution
American Revolutionary leader from Virginia whose objections led to the drafting of the Bill of Rights
bill of rights
the first ten amendments to the US Constitution added in 1791 and consisting of a formal list of citizens rights and freedoms
which of the following had the most power under the articles of confederation?
what was the greatest weakness of the government under the articles of confederation?
some of the small states that did not have western land claims refused to sign the aoc. these states felt that unless the western lands were placed under the control of the national government they would be at a disadvantage?
how did shays rebellion encourage a plan to revise the articles of confederation?
it proved to the US that americans were willing to fight for debt relief. in order to accomplish this the national government needed to be strengthened. this lead to revising the aoc.
why did the americans favor changeing thearticles of confederation?
they thought that their was danger for the nation. rebellion might spread, and problems economicaly with trade
what 2 ideas did the constitution try to balance?
to have a government that is strong enough to protect peoples rights but not to stron to be controlled.have a strong but limited federal government.
what was the great compromise?
it was a compromise that solved the problem of how the larger states want the amount of representatives to be based on population of the states, and the smaller states wanted all the states to have an equal amount of representatives.
how did the north and south solve dispute over slavery?
they made the 3/5 compromise.
what did the federalists and the anti federalists differ over
1 believed in a system of government where the power is shared between the central and state governments, and the other thought the constitution gave not enough power to the states and did not guarentee the rights for the people.
why did anti federalists dislike the proposed constitution?
they thought it didn't give enough power to the states and did not guarentee the rights for the people.
what was the main benefit of the federalists papers?
it gave more publisity to the federalists then the anti federalists.
why did the new government add the bill of rights to the constitution?
the framers of the constitution got many complaints from the anti federalists because individual rights were not listed.
why did the framers of the constitution not abolish slavery?
they needed the votes of the southern states so they made a compromise.
according to john locke, when do people have the right to disolve government?
when it fails its ability to protect the rights of people.
why was the magna carta important?
it gave an example to the US of a document to protect the rights of all men.
what was the significance of the mayflower compact?
it help establish the ideas of a self government and majority rules.
what influence did the english bill of right have on the US constitution?
it gave us an example of how our bill of rights should look like.
why did the framers design a system of checks and balances?
so that 1 branch cant control all the other branches they all have equal amount of power.
what is the main idea of the peamble?
to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity.
what is the responsibility of the legislative branch?
make the laws.
how can congress override a presidential veto?
get 2/3 of the senate and house of representatives to vote on whatever the case might be.
what is the responsibility of the executive branch?
enforce the laws.
which court is at the top of the american legal system?
the supreme court.
what is the supreme courts power to review the decisions of the lower courts called?
a government in which the people rule, or elect their leaders
people elect their political representatives
a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
seperation of powers
the division of powers among the three branches of government
checks and balances
each branch of government holds some control over the other two branches
powerful leaders must obey the law
Personal liberties and privileges