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Third Reich

German Empire

Rome Berlin Axis Pact

This was a treaty signed between Fascist brothers Adolph Hitler and Benito Mussolini. They assured an alliance with each other while agreeing to support each other against Allied powers.

Francisco Franco

Dictator of Spain

Quarantine

FDR's belief that aggressive nations need to be isolated & ignored.

Neutrality Acts

keeps US out of conflict; outlawed sale of arms and loans to countries in war.

Non-Aggression Pact

Hitler signs a pact with Stalin which says they will not go to war with each other and will give a part of Poland to the Soviet Union.

Munich Pact

Edourd Daladier & Neville Chamberlain sign this handing over the Sudetenland to Hitler.

Appeasement

pacifying of an aggressor

Edourd Daladier & Neville Chamberlain

signed Sudetenland to Hitler

Invasion of Poland

not fully mobilized, defeated in 3 weeks b/c they did not receive help

Danzig

a port city of northern Poland near the mouth of the Vistula River on a gulf of the Baltic Sea

Blitzkrieg

lighting war

Stages of Blitzkrieg

first they selected their target, then stuka dive bombers were send in to soften the enemy up, destroy all the hospitals, railroads, communication centers, civilian centers to create mass confusion. Then most troops were moved by half track vehicles so there was no real need for roads. Dive bombers elimination men marching in refuge.

Sitzkreig

"Phony War", period of no fighting

Invasion of the Low Countries

Norway, Denmark, Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg.

Battle of France

May 1940- French and Britain help Belgium.

Magniot Line

350 mile system of walls, fortifications and underground tunnels. Designed to protect the French from the Germans which failed.

Battle of Dunkirk

French and British troops stranded at Dunkirk which was the coast of the English Chanel. Under heavy fire and no air to support.

Operation Dynamo

rescue mission which rescued 300,000 men. Bought them to the english shores.

Battle of Atlantic

longest military campaign; German U-boats attack US ships-> allied ships to stop trade and supplies

Luftwaffe

the German airforce

RAF

Britain's Royal Air Force

Winston Churchill

British statesman and leader during World War II

Operation Sea Lion

attack on Western Europe

Operation Barbarossa

invasion of Russia

Axis Power

Germany, Italy, and Japan

Lend Lease Program

March 1941, $7 billion in aid to countries threatened

Atlantic Charter

1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII and to work for peace after the war

isolationism

a national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs

weaknesses of the treaty of Versailles

the treaty humiliated Germany; it made Germany take full responsibility for the war; Germany was stripped of its colonial possessions in the Pacific.

European depression

WWI reparations; turned to Hitler for aid

benito Mussolini

Italian fascist dictator (1883-1945)

II Duce

Benito Mussolini's nickname when he came into power and it means the 'duke' or the 'leader'

fascist

belief in dictatorship

joseph stalin

Communist dictator of the Soviet Union

Bolsheviks

Led by Vladimir Lenin it was the Russian communist party that took over the Russian goverment during WWI

great purge

Beginning in 1934, Stalin's plan to eliminate all opposition to his Communist government.

5 year plan

Stalin's economics. Forced, rapid industrialization, targets for production. Devastating to agriculture, complete state takeover

totalitarian

characterized by a government in which the political authority exercises absolute and centralized control

furhur

supreme leader of germany

swastika

symbol of the Nazi party

german worker's party

Previous name of the Nazi party

nazis

National Socialist Party; political group led by hitler that rose to power in Germany in the 1930s

mein kampf

'My Struggle' by hitler, later became the basic book of nazi goals and ideology, reflected obsession

sudetenland

portion of Czechoslovakia claimed by Hitler.

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