CLCV Final Monuments of Art and Architecture

15 terms by MadelaineClarke 

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Ara Pacis

A huge alter to peace, the art sculpted onto its panels represent Rome's noble and glorious past

Arch of Constantine

Constantine built this arch to commemorate his victory over Maxentius at the Milvian Bridge. The relief sculptures are taken from earlier Trajanic and Hadrianic buildings

Arch of Titus

Built to commemorate the Flavian conquest of Jerusalem. This interior relief sculpture depicts the despoliation of the temple

Arch of Septimius Severus

Built to commemorate the emperor's victory over the Parthians with his sons Caracalla and Geta, the arch was placed prominently next to the Curia at the entrance to the Forum

Basilica of Maxentius

The largest building on the Roman Forum, was begun under Maxentius but completed by Constantine. There are huge vaults tht stand 130 ft above the floor and even higher ones spring above them over the middle of the nave

Baths of Caracalla

Had a huge a dome over it that has now collapsed.

Baths of Diocletian

Surrounded by a perimeter wall that is the largest in Rome. The interior was restored by Michelangelo and is now a church. It is very elegant and ornate

Colosseum

An extensive series of stacked, continuous, and perpendicular arches provide structural durability and geometrical allure. The arches divert and thrust the weight they bear outwards and downwards

Domus Aurea

The "Golden House" built by Nero. Has a huge oculus in its ceiling and a huge statue of Nero just outside of it.

Pantheon

This building's huge concrete dome rests on eight vaults encased in a brick circumference. It is preceded by a porch lined with 8 Corinthian columns

Piazza Armerina

The villa in Sicily that preserves many spectacular mosaics such as Ulysses offering wine to a 3 eyed cyclops, women in bikinis and a long hallway containing a procession

Prima Porta Augustus

A marble statue of Augustus as if he is addressing the troops, Cupid is at his feet

San Clemente

...

Symmachus Ivory

An ivory carving this is one of the last remnants of pagan Roman art.

Trajan's Column

This was built to commemorate Trajan's victory over the Dacians. It details the military campaign, featuring over 600 feet of relief sculpture. There are scene of ships, soldiers unloading cargo and building forts, battles, and the emperor himself addressing his troops. One panel displays the "testudo" defensive formation

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