Human Growth and Dev. Final

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Cohort refers to group of people who:

are born within a few years of one another

The notion of plasticity refers to the:

ability of human traits to be molded during development.

Operant conditioning is also known as:

instrumental conditioning.

Social learning theory emphasizes:

observation and imitation.

Cognitive theories emphasize the:

development of thought processes and their effect on behavior, attitudes, and beliefs.

A reproductive cell is called a:

gamete

The development of alcoholism is affected by:

biochemical make-up.

In which of Piaget's sensorimotor stages do infants become aware of things and respond to people and objects?

stage three

According to Chomsky's theory of language aquisition:

children have an inborn ability to learn language.

In Erikson's theory, the infants earliest task is described as that of:

learning whether the world can be trusted to meet basic needs

Erikson's second stage of devlopment is called:

autonomy vs. shame and doubt.

Proximal parenting tends to produce children who are:

compliant

Gross motor skills such as riding a tricycle are aquired:

through a combination of brain maturation and practice

A good example of a fine motor skill is:

using scissors to cut paper.

The specialization of the functioning of the two halves of the brain is called:

lateralization

Irreversibility refers to the preoperational child's tendency to:

be unable to think backwards from a conclusion to the beginning.

Vygotsky's theory includes the idea of:

young children as "apprentices in thinking".

According to Vygotsky, language is a tool:

to advance thought

Erikson's stage that occurs between 3 and 6 years of age is called:

intiative versus guilt.

Asthma is a disorder caused by ______ of the airways?

inflammation

According to Piaget, which of the following abilities do children gain during middle childhood?

logic

According to Piaget, a childbetween the ages of 5 and 7 can apply logical principles to:

concrete and visible examples.

With concrete operational though, children can:

think logically about tangible things.

Aptitude tests are designed to measure:

potential for learning.

Achievement tests are designed to measure:

how much has been learned.

The DSM-IV-TR is a maunal for:

diagnosing mental disorders.

Social cognition refers to:

the ability to understand social interactions.

Kohlberg measured morality by:

analyzing how people reason about what is right and wrong.

When Patty looks in the mirror, she sees an overweight girl. She is 5 feet tall and weighs 87 pounds. She does aerobics for at least two hours daily and easy very little. Patty most likely suffers from:

anorexia norvosa

The age group of 18-25 represents:

Emerging adulthood.

The percentage of emerging adults who have had an STD:

50%

OCD is considered a form of:

anxiety

During Emerging Adulthood, what stage comes after identity?

intamacy vs isolation

How do friends and family differ?

We choose friends for qualities, but are stuck with family.

The percentage of emeging adults who live together by 24?

60%

By age 65, bow much height is lost?

1 inch

At what age is hearing acute?

age 10

What is the average age for menapause?

50

What causes male menopause?

Low testosterone levels?

What is the "social clock."?

When society believes things like marraige, having children, etc should happen?

What happens in adult friendships?

They improve\

What is the term that explains family members taking care of one another?

Familism

What happens to parents when kids move out?

They have more time for eachother

In terms of the census, the number of homosexuals is?

accuarte

What stage comes after intamacy versus isolation?

generativity versus stagnation.

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