Is the number of breaths taken per minute. At rest, the average times you breath per minute is 12-18
Amount of air that moves in and out of the lungs during a normal breath. The average tidal volume at rest is 0.5L
the process of movement of air in and out of your lungs. At rest, the average is 6L of air per minute.
(EQUATION: Tidal Volume X Respiratory rate)
the total volume of air inhaled and exhaled each minute
Is the maximum amount of oxygen that can be taken into the body and used by the working muscles per minute.
is the number of heart beats per minute. The average heart rate for both males and females are:
Males = 60 - 70, Females = 65 - 85
Is the volume of blood pumped out by a ventricle with each heartbeat. Average at rest is between 70-90 ml.
is the volume of blood pumped by one ventricle per minute.
(EQUATION: Heart rate X Stroke volume)
is the pressure created as blood is pumped through the arteries.
Is the amount of oxygen used up by the tissues in the working muscle. It is the difference between the oxygen concentration in the arteries and veins.
The exchange of gases between the alveoli and the capillaries in the lungs. Diffusion always occurs from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure.
Blood flow distribution
its when more blood is directed to the working muscles and other body organs due to demand in oxygenated blood to keep the muscles going.
Motor Unit recruitment
is the process in which number of active motor units increases to allow more forceful contractions in the working muscles.
Systolic blood pressure
is the blood pressure recorded as blood is ejected during the contraction phase of the heart cycle. It is the higher of the two blood pressure values.
Diastolic blood pressure
is the blood pressure recorded during the relaxation phase of the heart cycle. it is the lower of the two blood pressure values.
Is the process where blood vessels increase their internal diameter as a response to an increased demand for oxygen delivery to muscle tissue
Is the process where blood vessels narrow or constrict as a response to a decreased demand for oxygen delivery to muscle tissue