Unit 3: The Middle Ages - WCIUnit #3 Exam

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What was the primary goal of the First Crusade?

To rescue the holy city of Jerusalem

This treaty, signed in 1259, momentarily settled the dispute between France and England:

Treaty of Paris

Which of the following statements most aptly characterizes the Albigensian perception of God?

A church is an invisible spiritual force, not a real-world institution.

The burden of the Hundred Years' War fell mostly on the:

peasants

Which of the following measures did the Constitutions of Clarendon not enforce?

establish a "clerical" tax for those practicing religion on the king's lands

Which of the following factors did not contribute to the victory of the first Crusaders?

B and D (the support of the papacy of Pope Innocent III and greater number of troops)

Which of the following may be a reason behind the banning of icons and veneration of images?

to accommodate Muslim sensitivities at a time of war with the Arabs

Which of the following is not one of the purposes of the fourfold compilation of the Corpus Juris Civilis, "body of civil law"?

the Papacy, which consulted the pope and Vatican before laws were made governing religion, dating back to 313.

The Statute of Laborers:

limited wages to pre-plague levels.

By the late Middle Ages, the nobility:

had broken into two recognizable groups: higher and lower.

Under the feudal system, the lord's obligation to his vassals included:

protecting the vassal from physical harm.

Which part of the body did the plague first attack?

lungs

Who partook and won the battle near Colmar in 833?

The pope, Pepin, and Louis of Lothar against their father (Louis the Pious), whom they defeated.

One way in which the contemporary revival of Roman law was beneficial to the rule of Frederick I was:

it praised centralized authority.

The Church reform movement of the early 10th century was based in:

Cluny

The Hohenstaufen Empire faced increasing problems with the papacy when Henry VI:

married an heiress to the kingdom of Sicily.

The court of Poitiers was a famous center for:

courtly love literature.

A major factor in the religious break between East and West revolved around:

All of these answers

Which of the following correctly identify the two basic types of clerical vocation?

regular clergy and secular clergy

John Wycliffe:

was a major intellectual spokesman for the rights of royalty.

The broadest social division in 11th century Russia was between:

freeman and slaves

The primary reason for early French failure in the Hundred Years' War was:

internal disunity

Referring to the timeline of "Major Political and Religious Developments of the Early Middle Ages," which of the following events occurred in 529 C.E.?

Benedict founds monastery at Monte Cassino

The long-term result of the Crusades was:

that they stimulated Western trade with the East.

The Council of Pisa in 1409:

deposed both the Roman and Avignon popes, and elected a new pope.

The nunnery was an option for single women from:

higher social classes

All of the following are true of the customs and laws of Germanic women except:

German women were allowed to press charges upon men in court, but it was limited to men unrelated to them.

Lay investiture is the process by which:

secular officials and rulers appoint bishops and other church officials.

The purpose of the Fourth Lateran Council was to:

formalize church discipline throughout the hierarchy.

What was the topic of the Domesday Book?

A county-by-county survey of property

The phrase "Babylonian Captivity" refers to:

how the papacy was held in political bondage at Avignon.

Justinian's goal was to centralize government by:

imposing legal and doctrinal conformity throughout.

This was the name for the segment of the Mongol Empire that included the steppe region of what is today southern Russia:

Golden Faction.

By the reign of Philip II Augustus, this city had become the center of French government:

Paris

By the time of Charlemagne, what new tool was coming into use?

the moldboard plow

He was possibly the brightest logician and dialectician of the High Middle Ages, but paid dearly for it, ending his life in a monastery:

Abelard.

Arabs taught:

western farmers how to irrigate fields.

Which of the following was not a result of the ninth century Carolingian law making monogamous marriage an official policy?

The mortality rates of Frankish women decreased and their longevity increased after the ninth century.

Which of the following events occurred first?

Nomans win the Battle of Hastings

Which of the following is not a distinctive feature of Gothic architecture?

heavy columns

The practice of sequestering cardinals immediately upon the death of the pope to elect his successor was established by:

Gregory X

The job of these royal executives was to monitor the royal officials responsible for local governmental administration:

enqueteurs.

The various differences between East and West churches resulted in this in the year 1054:

schism

In the sixth and seventh centuries, Avars, Slavs, and Bulgars invaded and occupied Eastern Europe:

threatening a "dark age."

What was the official religion of the Russia-occupying Mongols?

Islam

Which of the following is the correct order of the clergy, from the top down?

high prelates, urban priests, cathedral canons, court clerks, and poor parish priests

According to the practice of wergild, a compensatory fine system, who were the least esteemed members of German tribal society:

female children

England's allies in the Great Schism:

included the Holy Roman Empire, Hungary, Bohemia, and Poland.

At the outset of the Hundred Years' War:

France had a larger population

Which of the following was not a readily used or available way to learn in the 12th century?

reading

After 962, the Church:

fell under the political control of Otto I

To maintain social order and keep people in their places, city councils did all of the following except:

encourage merchants to depart for the countryside.

Between the years 1000 and 1300 it is estimated that Europe's population:

doubled

The Treaty of Troyes in 1420 disinherited the legitimate heir to the French throne and proclaimed this man the successor to the French king, Charles VI:

Henry V

Monasticism:

replaced martyrdom as the most perfect way to imitate Christ and to confess one's faith.

The High Middle Ages (1000-1300):

marked a period of intellectual flowering

All of the following are true concerning the care of infants in the Middle Ages except:

infanticide was practiced by the Germanic tribes.

Between 1243 and 1480, Russia was ruled by:

the Mongols

Which of the following statements most aptly applies to the bull Ausculta fili?

the church over the state

The Concordat of Worms in 1122 required that:

the emperor formally renounce his power to invest bishops with the ring and staff of office.

This pope established the College of the Cardinals in 1059:

Nicholas II

The papacy allied with the Carolingian dynasty, granting Carolingian kings:

the title "kings by the grace of God."

Which of the following accurately describes how Jews were treated in the Byzantine Empire?

Jews were viewed as narrow, dogmatic, and intolerant, but their religion was tolerated as an ancient and acceptable form of worship.

Charlemagne:

All of these answers

Which of the following expressions best expresses the attitude of the Byzantine rulers towards their empire?

"One God, one empire, one religion"

Which of the following was nicknamed "burgher king" for his support of towns?

Henry VII

Who was responsible for bringing an end to the Hohenstaufen dynasty?

Charles of Anjou

The Black Death:

was preceded by years of famine that weakened the populace.

The majority of the slave population in Russia were:

prisoners of war.

The Black Death found its way into Europe via:

the ports of Venice, Genoa, and Pisa.

After further unifying the German duchies and securing its borders, Otto was given this title:

"The Great"

All of the following are true of the early university students except:

students remained stationed, without travel, as it was tiring and distracting to their studies.

The use of this medieval weapon proved to give the English the tactical advantage in the war:

longbow

Muslim Arabs conquered many lands in the eighth century, resulting in:

Muslim control of territories in the southern and eastern Mediterranean to this day.

The Great Schism was supported by:

Charles V

Which of the following is not true of the Carthusians?

they were nicknamed the "white monks"

Which of the following statements best characterizes the Mongol treatment of Russian political and religious institutions?

They left them largely intact.

Otto I and his successors became so preoccupied with running the affairs of this state that their German base began to disintegrate:

Italy

Louis the Pious' name change from "king of the Franks" to "emperor" illustrates Louis's:

determination to unify his kingdom and raise its people above mere regional and tribal loyalties.

Most medieval women were:

workers like their husbands.

The Arab invasions and their presence in the Mediterranean area during the early Middle Ages:

created the essential conditions, directly and indirectly, for the birth of Western Europe as a distinctive cultural entity.

This university, founded in 1348, became the center for both Czech nationalism and a religious movement:

University of Prague

Which of the following did the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges not recognize?

the right of the French church to elect its own clergy without papal interference.

Which social group suffered the greatest decline to power as a result of the plague?

noble landowners

In the 11th century, serfs:

gained special rights and privileges from charters.

Which of the following were least likely to be taxed by secular rulers?

clergy

Maintaining the growing armies required in the Middle Ages was made possible by:

granting vassals land as a "tenement."

What papal doctrine contributed to the transformation of the papacy into a great secular power?

Plentitude of power.

Drawing on excerpts from the Bible and classical medical, philosophical, and legal thinkers, Christian thinkers viewed all of the following to be true except:

a woman's only role was to produce children and then be a confined nun.

The papal bull Unam Sanctum declared that:

temporal authority was "subject" to the spiritual power of the Church.

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