Cold War Research Paper Flashcards

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CITE

Source 1: "Federal Republic of Germany." The Cold War--1945-1991. Gale, 1992. Gale World History In Context. Web. 1 May 2012.
http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?displayGroupName=Reference&disableHighlighting=false&prodId=WHIC&action=e&windowstate=normal&catId=&documentId=GALE%7CBT1605203040&mode=view&userGroupName=mlin_m_framhs&jsid=ec88737e5a938f31dccb6f6b1331945e

Source 1: bckgrnd.

West Germany became the Federal Republic of Germany during the Cold War, (FRG).

Source 1:bckgrnd.

The FRG compromised the American, British and French occupation zones of Nazi Germany.

Source 1: bckgrnd.

1970: West Germany is declared a temporary measure, until the end of the Cold War.

Source 1: bckgrnd.

West Germany was known as the section of Germany that spoke on behalf of all Germans.

Source 1: bckgrnd.

After 1990, the collapse of he Berlin Wall, East Germany was directly dissolved into the FRG.

CITE

"Berlin Wall." The Cold War--1945-1991. Gale, 1992. Gale World History In Context. Web. 1 May 2012.
Document URL
http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?displayGroupName=Reference&disableHighlighting=false&prodId=WHIC%3AUHIC&action=e&windowstate=normal&catId=&documentId=GALE%7CBT1605203015&mode=view&userGroupName=mlin_m_framhs&jsid=f5b793b32efd07b3b8661a71dca7dfc4

Source 2: Military

The construction of the Berlin Wall by he Soviets created separation between U.S occupied Germany and Soviet Germany. Their hope was that it would be a catalyst in forcing The U.S out of Germany.

Source 2: Military

JFK brought in large amounts of troops to the part of W. Germany that had no been settled with a formal peace treaty, to make sure tha the armies could not easily be forced out by the Soviets.

Source 2: Military, political

Nikita S. Khrushchev (the Soviet leader) and JFK were exchanging increasing numbers of threats. The Soviet's threatened unilateral tactics, and sign a peace treaty in E. Germany, and the U.S threatened bringing more and more troops to occupy W.G.

Source 2: Military, political

Neither country wanted to start a war, but both were becoming equally frustrated. The U.S was in possession of nuclear weapons, as were the Soviets.

Source 2: Political

The construction of the Berlin Wall came as a surprise to W.G., the extreme tactic was compleely unexpected.

Source 2: Military

Allied tanks faced Soviet tanks to try and slow the construction of the wall. They were on the edge of war.

Source 2: Political

In order to prevent further West German retaliation, the East Germans let W.G. troops into E.G, but East Germans were not allowed in West Berlin.

CITE

"Ostpolitik." The Cold War--1945-1991. Gale, 1992. Gale World History In Context. Web. 1 May 2012.

Source 3: Political

West German chancellor Willy Brandt's policy that no longer questioned the divisions of the old Nazi Germany.

Source 3: Social

West Germany regarded itself as the one true Germany.

Source 3: Political/Social

The citizens of West Germany believed that the divisions if Germany would only be temporary.

CITE

Jones, Steven. "Nuclear Freeze Movement." Americans at War. Ed. John P. Resch. Vol. 4: 1946-Present. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2005. 148-150. Gale World History In Context. Web. 6 May 2012.

Source 4: Military

The Nuclear freeze movement- a movement in the mid 1980's to stop the spread and production of Nuclear weapons.

Source 4: Military

West Germany played a large part in this because of the high concentration of NATO in the area.

Source 4: Military

There was over 200 nuclear weapons in W.G during the Cold War

Source 4: Social

Germans were concerned that their country would become the "Ground Zero" of their war.

Source 4: Military/Political

The Nuclear freeze was unsuccessful, but an agreement was made to slow production.

Source 4: Social

Many things were done to alleviate the fears of the occupied countries.

CITE

Ritschl, Albrecht. "The Marshall Plan, 1948-1951". EH.Net Encyclopedia, edited by Robert Whaples. February 10, 2008. URL http://eh.net/encyclopedia/article/Ritschl.Marshall.Plan

Source 5: Economic

The Marshall Plan was created by Truman to rebuild W. Europe.

Source 5: Economic

The money from the plan greatly helped West Germany after all the damage.

Source 5: Economic

The money particularly assisted in getting West German production rates up to par again.

CITE

MICHTA, ANDREW A. "North Atlantic Treaty Organization." Encyclopedia of Russian History. Ed. James R. Millar. Vol. 3. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2004. 1062-1064. Gale World History In Context. Web. 10 May 2012.

Source 6: Political/military

NATO was created in response to the growing threat of the Soviets post WWII

Source 6: Political/military

Created to prevent the spread of communism.

Source 6: Background NATO

Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom, and the United States joined in 1949. Joined by Greece and Turkey in 1952, the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) in 1955, Spain in 1982, and Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic in 1999. In 2002 Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia, in 2004.

Source 6: Policies of NATO

-An attack on one ally is an attack on all.
-If a member's security is threatened, consultations occurs.
-Values and institutions are shared among allies.
-The option of adding new states is always open to any ally.

Source 6: Partitions of NATO

NATO includes NAC (North Atlantic Council), Defense Planning Committee, and Nuclear Planning Group.

CITE

"West Germany." National Cold War Exhibition. Royal Air Force Museum. Web. 10 May 2012. <http://www.nationalcoldwarexhibition.org/explore/country.cfm?country=Germany West>.

Source 7: Political

The government of W.G stayed relatively stable between 1949 and 1966 b/c of the Christian Democratic Union.

Source 7: Economic

During the time of the CDU, economic growth was also substantial.

Source 7: Social

Before the construction of the Berlin Wall, many people fled to west Germany to live a better life in the more stable environment.

Source 7: Political

In the late 1960's the "Grand Coalition" was created between CDU and the SDP (social democratic party) to allow the government to make laws in a time of dire need.

Source 7: Political/Social

During the Cold War, a group was formed called the Red Army Faction, they completed a number of terrorist attacks in W.G during the 70's.

Source 7: Willy Brandt

In 1969, Willy Brandt became leader of W.G. His goal was to rebuild the relationship between E.G and W.G, his reign ended in 1982.

Source 7: 1989 reunification.

In 1989, it was decided that W.G and E.G would now become one country again, though it didn't truly occur until 1990.

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