Vikings erected large memorial stones:_________ contained inscriptions and __________ were covered with figural decoration.
rune stones; picture stones
The timber churches that survive in rural Norway are called _______ churches, from the four huge staffs that form their structural core.
The burial site discovered at Sutton Hoo revealed the grave's occupant had been buried in a ______.
Why did many Ottonian cathedrals burn down in the eleventh century?
Their timber roofs made them susceptible to fire.
Intellectual life in the Romanesque period involved the establishment of the first universities in the cities of ________, _______, ___________ and __________.
Bologna; Paris; Oxford; Cambridge
The church of Sant Vincenc is and example of the "First Romanesque" because _________.
it relies on stone-vaulting and masonry contruction
Durham Cathedral introduced a new system of masonry __________, which would become a hallmark of later Gothic architecture.
ribbed groin vaults
In the realm of secular architecture, the _______, known as the keep in England or the donjon in France, stood in the middle of a courtyard surrounded by walls.
The Romanesque technique of portraying narrative scenes in the geometric confines of column capitals is called a(n) _________.
What religious theme was often used to decorate the tympanum of Romanesque portals?
Christ Enthroned in Majesty
Which of the following contributed to the exchange of artistic styles during the Romanesque period?
Holes cut in the stone of the wall and filled with stained glass are called __________.
The thirteenth-century cathedral in _______ is an excellent example of the English interpretation of the Gothic style.
Gothic cathedrals differ from those built in the Romanesque period in their __________.
shift toward more open, light-filled spaces
What architechtural feature distinguishes English Gothic cathedrals from those built in France?
A tower at the crossing served as the focal point.