Through out history, psychological disorders were thought to be caused by demonic possession, and the mentally ill were candidates for chains and torture.
Behavior that does not occur very frequently. Its is hard to gauge personal differences and extremes.
Deviation from Social Norm
Expected behavior in a given situation.
Maladaptiveness & Adequate Functioning
Behaviors that threatens one's ability to function.
Suffering & Distress (subjective discomfort)
Assumes the person has enough insight to recognize some suffering and distress. (upsetting, distracting)
Abnormality (psychological disorders)
Any pattern of behavior that causes people significant distress, causes them to harm themselves or others, or harms their ability to function in daily life.
General state of dread or uneasiness that a person feels in response to a real or imagined danger.
All disorders in which most dominant symptom is excessive or unrealistic anxiety. People with this order has constant worries and fear.
Disorders that take the form of bodily illnesses and symptoms but for which there are no real physical disorders. Symptoms are very real for the person but are not real physical ailments.
Disorder in which mood is severely disturbed.
Sever disorder in which the person suffers from disordered thinking, bizarre behavior, hallucinations, and inability to distinguish between fantasy and reality.
Disorder caused by a detectable physiological or structural change in an organ.
Slightly different than other disorders in that these affect the entire life and adjustment of the person. Very rigid and unable to adapt to social demands and life changes. Hard for this person to fit in with others who do not have disorders.
A disorder in which there is a break in conscious awareness, memory, the sense of identity, or some combination.
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
Describes disorders in terms of symptoms, path of progression, and criteria checklist. It is a multi-axel assessment tool.
A method of talking things out. Strengths: Allows emotions to come out and work through problems. Weakness: There may be lying involved, a trust issue, not always accurate.
Therapy uses medical methods. Strengths: Chemically balancing the brain. Weakness: Placebo Effect, Medicine not working, Allergic Reactions, Side Effects.
an insight therapy that emphasizes revealing the unconscious conflicts urges or desires that are assumed to cause disordered behavior or emotions. Strengths: taking a person back to their past and finding the problem and underlying meanings for the actions In their life. Weakness: Interference of thoughts, Repression, not being able to call unconscious thoughts.
Aaron T. Beck
Developed Cognitive therapy
Focuses on helping people change their ways of thinking.
An approach to psychotherapy that emphasizes human uniqueness, positive qualities, and individual potential.
to determine by an individuals symptoms what disorder they categorize under Pros: ability to convey a large amount of information from one label, Put all psychologists on the same thought process by diagnosis. Helps research. Cons: People are often misdiagnosed, People will be treated differently if assumed they have a disorder.
Everything an organism does by thinking, feeling, and acting.
System for governing human behavior.
The level of intentionality in criminal law
The scope of a person's knowledge or ability
The condition of being insane, mentally deranged
Something is to be kept in secret; withheld from anyone