Title: The Swing
Artist: Jean-Honore Fragonard
Period: Rococo Art
The picturesque garden depicted in the swing is a strong representation of the playfulness and frivolity that is associated with rococo. The exuberant ruffles in the dress of the swinging girl The patterns of the illuminated leaves, the twisting branches and scalloped edges of the clouds are all characteristics of rococo. In the painting the lavishly dress damsel is in high action. She is being pushed on a swing by an older man obscured by the shadows shifting our attention to the decadent scene below. The woman on the swing flirtatiously looks down and kicking her shoe at her voyeuristic suitor, who lustfully gazes under her skirts. Further demonstration of Rococo is witnessed in the depiction the statue of cupid whose finger is raised in secrecy alluding to the classical imagery used to evoke the hidden erotic messages in the painting.
Title: all of Mirrors at the palace of Versailles
Artist: Jules Hardouin-Mansart and others
Period: Rococo Art
Louis XIV considered himself to be the Sun King. This is reflected in this Hall at the palace of versailles. The vast amount of windows followed by mirrors emitted an abundance of light used to evoke the kings godly presence in the palace.
Period: Italian Baroque
Unlike renaissance renditions of David Bernin's statue is rendered with more naturalistic aspects such as more muscular definition, the passion and emotion in his facial expression.The statues less revealing nature is evident in the loin cloth covering davids man parts, in response to counter-reformation. The statue is standing in a diagonal plane which gets you engage or interact with the statue a characteristically baroque trait which involves artistic work with spectator in order to take in the religious experience.
Title: The oath of the Horatii
Artist: Jacque-Louis David
Period: Neoclassical Art
The oath of the horatti is a representation of the revolutionary sentiments rising in france at the time. Its dull color shows the importance of the story rather than the painting itself. The subject matter is a scene taken directly from rome. The horatti brothers are are willing to die for their country with the support of horatius their father. Their outstretched hands and stong stance indicated loyalty, the subjects matter is a clear sign of allegiance to classical republican values inciting the need for revolution and reform.The clear hard details and bold horizontal lines are rejecting the wispy brushstrokes seen in rococo, symbolizing the anti-monarchist attitude of the painting.
emotions over intellect-
-passionate appeal to viewer
-naturalistic style-dramatic compositions, lighting, and brushwork
Title: Raft of Medusa
Artist: Theodore Gericault
Géricault lived from 1791-1834, and the painting 'The Raft of the Medusa' is based on an event that was contemporary to the artist's lifetime. The painting is about a shipwreck that ocurred and provoked a political scandal in France. The 'Medusa' was a ship that had been carrying French colontists to Senegal, and sand sank off the west coast of Africa due to incompetence on the part of the captian, who was a political apointee. The captain, during the sipwreck, behaved dishonourably, and he and the crew were the first to evacuate the ship. They took over the lifeboats, and towed a makeshift raft with 149 passengers on it. They eventually cut the tow rope, leaving the immigrants to drift under the sun of the equator for twelve days without food or water, and sufferiing a lot of torment. Only fifteen of them lived.The painting created a sensation because of the graphic treatment of the subject matter and the political implications.
Gériccault portrayed the most dramatic moment in the painting, the point at which the survivors regain hope of rescue. Using painting devices to capture their desperate situation.In terms of compostion, he divided into two overlapping triangles. He tried to convey the impression of motions by contrasting the postures of the figures. One of his triangles was one of depair and one was of hope, and he used transitional figures in order to add unity and balance to the painting.In order to portray a menacing mood, he painted the storm clouds and cresting waves dark. He, however, painted the horizon bright.The jumbled lines of the writhing bodies convey a mood of turbulence.Géricault's major theme is that of a gigantic struggle agisnt the elements of nautre. Undoubtedly, it is a struggle against the elements of human nature as well.
Title: The Stone breakers
Artist: Gustave Courbet
The stone breakers by Courbet depicts two workers. One is breaking up stones with a hammer the other is lifting a heavy rock. The painting is Realism in that artist wants us to reflect upon the subject matter and internalize the repetitive nature of physical labor that the poor must do in order to survive which is the basis of Realistic paintings which represent common everyday people and events.
Title: St peters view and plan
Period: Italian Baroque
The st peters plan of the basilica includes an enormous piazza that is able to accomodate large crowds, organized into elliptical and trapezoidal shapes that contrast the traditional renaissance circle and square, reflect the periods characteristic taste for irregularity. The piazzas expansive space also reflects a the baroque periods characteristic of integrating the audience with their works to deepen the religious experience.
Title: The Geographer
Period: Dutch Baroque
The dutch baroque periods characteristic use of light and color to show movement, while adding to its naturalistic effects as evidenced in the wooden chest and rumpled tapestry. the subject "the geographer reflects the dutch genre type painting and an interest in science and exploration, as well as the characteristic depiction of human nature captured through the intellectual energy seen in the subjects facial expression which conveys the subjects sharpness and a moment in which he is in deep thought.
Title: extensive landscape with ruins
Artist Jacob Van Ruisdael
Period: Dutch Baroque
Ruisdaels painting reflects the dutch interest of their typical landscape combined with the dutch contribution of momentary landscape views. The characteristically moralizing trend of dutch works is also prevelant as evidenced in the the contrast of the detoriating man made works and the seasonal renewal of nature.
Title: Vanitas Still life
Artist:Maria Van Oosterwyck
Period: Dutch Baroque
The subject choice reflects the Dutch interest in still life paintings. It also exhibits the moralizing messages common in dutch paintings through use of iconography to convey meaning in the painitng, the Oosterwyck warns us against the vanity by depicting a microcosom that displays decaying flowers, skulls, and other objects of transient nature in response to the dutch folly of flaunting their worldly posessions as seen in other still life paintings.
Artist:Impression: Claude Monet
Monets impressionistic work represents a period when tubes of paint became available to artists thus allowing them to paint subjects outdoors. In this art work Monet's intense use of light and color as well as his preoccupation with the transient shifts of nature is evidenced through his technique to show the reflection of the orange sun through individual brushstrokes as well as in the silhouted boat capturing motion using horizontal daubs of paint to convey the movement of the water and to make the impression blurred forms that can actually be seen.
Title: Moulin de la galette
Renoirs moulin de galette depicts a lively party scene. In the foreground a group of men and women are gathered at the table, the blotches on their clothing ,half-filled glasses indicate the emission of light source coming downward from the trees as well a pastel illuminated dance floor and shifting shadows convey movement. All of these aspects represent the oneness of nature and the capturing of moments seen through the artist that embodie the impressionist period.
Title: sunday afternoon at la grande jatte
Artist: Georges Seurat
Period: Post impressionism
Seurats painting is characteristic a new approach to light and color seen through his innovative technique called divisionism in which he depicts his landscape scene by building color to and forms through microdots of pure color, allowing the color to define forms and not outlining them. This is the result of the desire to develop art that is seen in a different and raw sense as well as scientific study of color that characterized this period.
Title: Starry Night
Artist: Vincent Van Gogh
Van Goghs starry night is innovative for his depiction of an imaginative landscape fueled by intense colors and anim,ated figures of cypress trees curved spiral stars and mood tones. Van gogh channels his inner emotions and thoughts within the painiting making way for a primere art work that celebrates artistic self expression.
Title: Violin and Pitcher
Artist: Georges Braques
Period: Analytical Cubism
This painting exhibits a new approach to cubism taking the genre to the next level braque depicts the subject of the viloin and pitcher from several angles forming them through fragmentation of cubes and pieces that make up the violin and the pitcher on a flat through flat background monochramatic color schemes. This was done so that one can analyze the forms rather then giving seeing them through their organic forms. This painting is characteristic of a movement was a result of artists trying to push the boundaries creating innovative works by developing a fresh modern new prespective implementing colors, shapes in abstractive ways in reaction to their radical political views that completely set them apart from tradition.
Title: The street
Artist: Ernst Ludwig Krichner
Period: expressionism/ pre WWI
This painting depicts the hustle and bustle of the street in a tilted plane along with bold colors and jagged lines. Krichner paints his subjects an imposing and unwelcoming manner. Kirchners treatment is a result of the burgeoning influx of immigrants that resulted from urbanization that expresses his dislike for the dramatic changes happening during the time.
Title: Panel for Edward R. Campbell No.4
Artist: Vassily Kandinsky
Kandinsky stressed the impact of color and its association with music, explaining that "color is a means of exerting direct influence upon the soul. Color is a keyboard. The eye is the hammer. The soul is the piano, with its many strings. Depicting non figurative paintings in response to the growing turmoil war time. He wanted to create a spiritual and trancindental experience for the viewer to alleviate this.
Title: The Urinal
Artist: Marcel Du Champ
Marcel du champs work is a result ofthe concept questioning what is art? going against the traditional arts and embracing nonesense.In this work he uses ready- made objects such as this urinal which he signed with the fictious R. mutt
Title: White Light
Artist: Jackson Pollock
Period: Abstract expressionism
The cultural art center of the world shifted from Paris to New York as a result of Americas emergence as a world power. Jackson Pollocks white light expresses the process of the artist, the paint and his work of art through action painting. the way he applies the paint with precision and mastery to capture how the paint acts on canvas, how it falls and how it behaves.
Title: Campbell's soup
Artist: Andy Warhol
Period: Pop Art
Warhol shared the craze of commercialism in the 6o's in his works. His monumentalizes the can of soup in the same way soups were actually produced through mass production using technology such as silkscreening and reinforcing with painting techiniques. Thus the birth of Pop art that embraced the American love of popular celebrities & everyday things termed Low-art.
Artist: Judy Chicago
Period: Feminist Art
Chicagos work is characteristic of art that makes statements without the purpose of being displayed. The enormous sculpture depicts a dinner party for 39 female guests in a triangular table. The table was made to commerate the achievements of great woman with high emphasis of their femeninty, and the need for the recognition of women in history associated with feminine art.
Title: Spiral Jetty
Artist: Robert Smithson
Smithsons enormous Spiral constructed from degradable material and earth materials bulldose to create art that interacts with the earth was created to be affect by degradation through time was created in response to the growing interest in the earth conservation that was popular during tjhis time period.Characteristic of art works making statements without the purpose of being displayed.