Medical Terminology - Final Exam Review

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BHC 230 Spring 2012

NIDDM

non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus; type 2; late onset

IDDM

insulin dependent diabetes mellitus; type 1; early onset

PEARL

pupils equal and reactive to light

ELISA

enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

HISTO

pertaining to tissues (histology)

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

ERCP

endoscopic retrograde choleangiopancreatography

ESRD

end-stage renal disease

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

SIDS

sudden infant death syndrome

TURP

transurethral resection of the prostate

HSV-2

herpes simplex virus, strain 2

ADHD

attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

ECHO

echocardiogram; test looking at structure and function of the heart.

TENS

transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

C-SECTION

cesarean section

NG TUBE

nasogastric tube

CAT SCAN

Computerized Axial Tomography

PET SCAN

Positron Emission Tomography scan

MRI

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

MRA

Magnetic Resonance Angiography

ESR

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

BOM

bilateral otitis media (both ears; middle ear infection)

UTI

Urinary Tract Infection

URI

Upper Respitory Infection

CRF

chronic renal failure

KUB

kidneys, ureters, bladder

D&C

dilation & curettage

I&O

Intake and output

I&D

Incision and drainage

T&A

Tonsillectomy and adnoidectomy

L&D

Labor and Delivery

N&V

Nausea and Vomiting

HRT

Hormone replacement therapy

PID

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease; (Salpingitis)

TVH

Total Vaginal Hysterectomy

TAH

Total Abdominal Hysterectomy

PMS

Pre-Menstral Syndrome

CXR

Chest X-ray

FHR

Fetal Heart Rate

MMR

Measles Mumps and Rubella

DPT

Diphtheria, Pertussis, and Tetnis

RDS

Respiratory Distress Syndrome

ABGs

Arterial Blood Gases

GFR

Glomerular Filtration Rate

THR

Total hip replacement

TKR

Total knee replacement

CHD

Childhood diseases

EKG

Electrocardiogram; electoral activity of heart

EMG

Electromyogram/graphy; heart muscle

EEG

Electroencephalograph; measures electrical activity of brain

BUN

Blood Urea Nitrogen

CBC

Complete Blood Count

HCT

Hematocrit

PRN

as needed

HBV

Hepatitis B virus

HCV

Hepatitis C virus

TIA

transient ischemic attack (mini-stroke)

CVA

cerebrovascular accident (stroke)

ALS

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease)

BMR

basal metabolic rate

GTT

glucose tolerance test

ung

ointment

REM

rapid eye movement

PSA

prostate specific antigen

Bid

twice a day

Tid

three times a day

Qid

four times a day

OTC

over the counter

NPO

nothing by mouth

DNR

do not recessitate

PPD

purified protein derivative

DIP

distal interphalangeal joint

TMJ

tempromandibular joint

LLE

left lower extremity

ARC

aids related complex

CSF

cerebrospinal fluid

CNS

central nervous system (Brain and spinal cord)

PNS

peripheral nervous system

ANS

autonomic nervous system

SNS

somatic nervous system

ECT/EST/CST

electro-convulsive therapy; electro shock therapy ; convulsive shock therapy

STI/STD

sexually transmitted infection or diseases

SLE

systemic lupus erythmatosis

ROM

range of motion

HDL

high density lipoproteins

LDL

low density lipoproteins

FBS

fasting blood sugar

CCU

cardiac care unit

DOA

dead on arrival

GYN

gynecology

OB

obstetrics

IUD

intrauterine device

TPR

temperature pulse respiration

BP

blood pressure

AMI

acute myocardial infarction

DM

diabetes mellitus

PC

After Meals; post cibum

AC

Before meals; ante cibum

GI SERIES

Gastrointestinal series

GB

Gallbladder

BE

Barium enema

TB

Tuberculosis

TM

tympanic membrane

SA NODE

sino atrial node

MI

Myocardial Infarction

AP

Anterioposterior

PA

Posterioanterior OR Physician Assistant

MD

Medical Doctor OR Muscular Dystrophy

DO

Doctor of Osteopathy

MS

Multiple Sclerosis

AB

Abortion

Fx

Fracture

Dx

Diagnosis

SC

Sub-cutanious

IM

Intramuscular

ID

Intradermal

RA

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Pt

Physical Therapy

LP

Lumbar Puncture

Qd

Everyday

BM

Bowel Movement

VA

Veterans Affairs OR Visual Acuity

UA

Uranalysis

Prophylactic

What is the name of an agent that protects against disease?

Nocturea

Urination at night

Benign

Non cancerous; non progressive

Malignant

tending to become worse and can cause death

Diastole

the relaxation phase of the heart

Sistole

the contraction phase of the heart

Anemia

the condition in which there is a deficiency of O2 is being delivered to cells.

EKG

The graphic record of the electrical activity of the heart.

Hemophilia

Different heredity inadequacies of coagulation factors that result in long bleeding times

Leukemia

An excessive uncontrolled increase in immature white blood cells in the blood eventually leading to infection

Atelocephalis

having an incomplete cranium or skull

Thoracentesis

surgical puncture into the plural cavity

Blepharotosis

Drooping of the upper eyelid

Blepharospasm

Spasm of the eyelid

Tenitis

Ringing or tinkling sounds in ears

Autodynia

Ear ache

Parturition

The act of giving birth

Puralent

Producing or contains pus

Periosteum

the serous membrane that lines long bones

Laparoscopy

process of viewing abdominal wall with a laproscope

Hydrocele

collection of fluid in scrotal sac

Hypoxia

diffecency of oxygen

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