Bolshevik revolutionary who became dictator of Soviet Russia after Lenins death, ruling with an iron fist. He used five-year plans to industrialize Russia and terror to crush all opposition
Plans created by Stalin to rapidly industrialize Russia. There were a set amounts of steel, electricity, machinery, and other things to be made and these quotas were filled due to the fear of punishment from the police.
"fists," or the better off peasants. They resisted giving up their property to be collectivized. These people were either executed or sent to slave labor camps.
labor camps where about a million people died each year due to exposure or malnutrition. People would be sent to these based on their opinions of the USSR, breaking any sort of regulation or law, or for being supporters of Lenin.
a severe, world wide economic crisis which lasted from the end of 1929 to the outbreak of World War II.
Fascist dicator of Italy who joined the Axis pact with Germany in WWII. He was overthrown when the Allies invaded Italy.
Italian political party created by Mussolini during WWI. It emphasized aggressive nationalism and was Mussolinis ticket to power.
A system of government characterized by strict social and economic control and a strong, centralized government usually headed by a dictator. First found in Italy by Mussolini.
Radical German nationalist during WWI who later became dictator and led Europe into WWII.
German political party led by Hitler, emphasizing nationalism, racism, and war. Its formal name is "National Socialist German Workers' Party"
Chinese military and political leader who succeeded Sun Yat-sen as head of the Guomindang. He fought against Chinese Communists and Japenese invaders until he was overthrown in 1949, when he fled to Taiwan to head their Chinese Nationalist government.
Leader of the Chinese Communist Party, he led the Long March and rebuilt the Communist Party and Red Army during Japanese occupation of China. He overthrew the Guomindang and ordered the Cultural Revolution in 1966.
Chinese Communists fled from SE China to NW China, fleeing from the army under Chiang Kai-shek. The survivors formed the renewed Communist Party of China and defeated the Guomindang.
War fought between China and Japan. After Korea was opened to Japanese trade in 1876, it rapidly became an arena for rivalry between the expanding Japanese state and neighbouring China
World War II
War fought Between Axis powers (Germany, Italy, Japan) and Allied Powers (U.S., France, U.S.S.R., and U.K.); Single largest war in the history of U.S.; Introduced Age of Nuclear Weapons; New system of international diplomacy developed as a result
City in Russia, the site of a Red Army victory over the German Army. Today, it is called Volgograd
Town in Egypt, site of the victory of the British over Germany. This battle included the two famous military leaders, Field Montgomery and General Rommel (the Desert Fox).
Naval base in Hawaii attacked by Japanese aircrafts in 1941. This was the push that the USA needed to justify getting into the war.
Battle of Midway
U.S. naval victory over Japan in 1942. This was a turning point in WWII that benefitted the Allies.
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb. This hastened the end of the war.
A Political opponent of Stalin's who was executed for being more popular that Stalin
Weakness of the democracy in Germany caused by fear of war, fear of communism, and Hitlers use of fascist tactics.