a holiday conceived of by environmental activist and Senator Gaylord Nelson to encourage support for and increase awareness of environmental concerns; first celebrated on March 22, 1970
an independent federal agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment, Environmental Protection Agency
an organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum
A scandal involving an illegal break-in at the Democratic National Committee offices in 1972 by members of President Nixon's reelection campaign staff. Before Congress could vote to impeach Nixon for his participation in covering up the break-in, Nixon resigned from the presidency.
Camp David Accords
A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt where Egypt agreed to recognize the nation state of Israel
a person who generally believes the government should take an active role in the economy and in social programs but that the government should not dictate social behavior
a person who believes government power, particularly in the economy, should be limited in order to maximize individual freedom
Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)
aka "Star Wars"; a plan for defense against the Soviet Union unveiled by Reagan in 1983--it would create a global umbrella in space, using computers to scan the skies and high-tech devices to destroy invading missiles
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Desert Storm was the code name given to the first U.S.-led war against Iraq in the Persian Gulf on January 17, 1991.
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
Created to allow the free movement of goods between Canada, Mexico, and the U.S. by lessening and eliminating tariffs
the mass expulsion and killing of one ethic or religious group in an area by another ethnic or religious group in that area
weapon of mass destruction
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas
1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated.
Miranda v. Arizona
1966 Supreme Court decision that sets guidelines for police questioning of accused persons to protect them against self-incrimination and to protect their right to counsel.
Roe v. Wade
(1973) legalized abortion on the basis of a woman's right to privacy
Gave Washington D.C. an electoral vote
abolished poll taxes
established the order of succession to the presidency
voting age lowered to eighteen
The amendment that gave congress the power to tax income.