Chapter 16 Vocab.-Melebeck

22 terms by sarceneaux8 

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calumny

false and malicious misrepresentation of the words and actions of another, intended to injure his or her reputation

detraction

the action of taking away from a person's merit or reputation by disclosing another's true faults or sins. This is a sin against the 8th Commandment because each person has a right to his good name.

falsehood

that which is contrary to truth; the intentional making of untrue statements

flattery

attributes qualities that may not exist or which are exaggerated, usually for personal gain or favor

gravity

the weight or seriousness of a sin, sometimes influenced by circumstances and intentions

honor

respect or good reputation that is acquired through the practice of virtue or heroic acts. The quality that brings people to be quided by the most elevated moral norms.

martyrdom

the act of giving up one's lige for the Faith

objective truth

reality as it is, even outside a person's intellect and independent of his acknowledgment of its existence

rash judgement

a judgement that questions someone's character or concludes a moral defect without sufficient evidence

reparation

the act of "making up for" a sin or injustice to another person or group

reputation

the good or bad opinion commonly held about a person

slander

a maliciously flase statement or report in order to defame or injure a person; same as calumny

subjectivism

the philosophical theory that treats all knowledge as merely relative, denying the possibility of objective knowledge

tolerance

the practice of the virtue of patience with respect to the opinions or practices of others

truth

the correlation between the idea in one's mind and objective reality

veracity

truthfulness; the disposition of a person to tell the truth

theft

taking and keeping something that belongs to someone else for no reason

robbery

taking the property of someone else by force

covet

to desire wrongfully for something someone else owns

greed

excesively wanting material goods

avarice

passionate desire for riches that lesads one to gain and hoard wealth

envy

being unhappy with the fortune or success of someone else, jealousy

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