5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- An authority
- John Locke
- Freedom of speech
- a the right to express one's opinion publicly
- b an expert given power based on expertise. e.g. he is a history professor.
he is an authority on history.
- c English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
- d government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.
- e the act of protesting
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- In the prisoner's dilemma, two people can choose to cooperate or compete. The compete move seems best from the individual's point of view, but it is harmful to the group.
- What you would consent to under conditions of ideal rationality/full knowledge/etc. Very different ideas of this state of nature from different philosophers. John Rawls uses hypothetical consent in his theory of the state and justice.
- the duty of the citizens towards the state
- the attitude (of a person or a government) that subordinates should be controlled in a fatherly way for their own good
- the overthrow of a government by those who are governed
5 True/False Questions
Individualism → a belief in the importance of the individual and the virtue of self-reliance and personal independence
Human nature → a signed written agreement between two or more parties (nations) to perform some action
Jean Jacque-Rousseau → Rousseau contended that man is essentially good, a "noble savage" when in the "state of nature" and that good people are made unhappy and corrupted by their experiences in society - - "Everywhere man is in chains!"
~ His most important work THE SOCIAL CONTRACT in which he alleged that man could be most successful and escape the artificial aspects of society by joining together with other men to set the guidelines for society - - this agreement would be known as the GENERAL WILL
Civil Disobedience → mental device to enable individuals to develop a standard of justice while remaining ignorant of their own place in or value in this imagined society
Peter kropotkin → the attitude (of a person or a government) that subordinates should be controlled in a fatherly way for their own good