Chapter 1: Politics in States and Communities

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Comparative Political Study

Comparing political institutions and behaviors from the state to state and community to community in order to identify and explain similarities or differences.

Commonwealth

Allthough four states call themselves commonwealths, (Pennsylvania, Virginia, Massachussettes, and Kentucky), the term refers to any self- governing community and currently describes the government of Puerto Rico, a territory of the United States.

State Economic Development

Broadly defined as population growth and the education levels of a states population.

Income

Money that is recieved as a result of the normal business activities of an individual or business (e.g. wages).

Political Refugee

Those residing in the U.S. becasue they have "a well- founded fear of persecution" in their country of origin.

Illegal Aliens

Persons residing illegaly in the nation, sometimes referred to as undocumented residents

Aliens

Persons residing in a nation who are not citizens

Amnesty

Government forgiveness of a crime, usually granted to a group of people.

Illegal Immigration

The unlawful entry of people from other nations into the United States

Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Agency

Federal Agency responsible for the enforcement of immigration and custom laws.

Political Entrepreneurship

The tendency of candidates in electoral campaigns to propose policy innovations in order to publize themselves and win votes.

Sanctuary Cities

Cities with politically liberal electorates that do not enforce federal immigration laws

Liberalism

Referring to a state's tendency to expand welfare benefits, regulate business, adopt progressive state income taxes, and generally use the resources of government to achieve social change.

Conservatism

Referring to a state's tendency to limit welfare benefits, deregulate business, keep taxes low, and generally place less reliance on government and more reliance on individuals and the marketplace to achieve social goals.

Political Culture

Historical styles and traditions in states' politics that cannot be directly attributed to demographic factors.

Wedges

Moral issues designed to cause someone to cross party lines.

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