The _____ theory of democracy focuses on the participation of groups in a decentralized structure of government that offers many points of access to policy makers
The drafters of the Constituion left the power to set suffrage qualifications to who?
No state can impose a residency requirement of more than ____ as a qualification for voting
________ describes the tendency of the southern states to vote Democratic after the Civil War
An ______ ad is a negative political advertisement that discredits the character of an opposing candidate
An ______ ad is a negative political advertisement that focuses on flaws in a opposing candidates position on a particular topic
The first televised presidential debate took place in _____ between who?
1960, Kennedy and Nixon
A political candidates press advisers, often called ______ try to convince reporters to give a story concerning the candidate a particular interpretation
Political scientist Thomas Patterson suggests that the news media has a bias toward
Bad news and cynicism
Refers to the tailoring media programming to the specialized tastes and preferences of a targeted audience
Using ______ web users can totally customize their daily supply of information
An ______ is a professional consultant who manages a candidates web site
Internet campaign strategist
A group of people seeking to control the government by gaining office in election
All the people who claim to be a member of either party and vote for that party
Party in the electorate
Political parties are weak in the US because they cannot
Pick their own candidates, control the campaigns, and control the members after election
The first major political division in the US was between who?
Federalists and Anti-Federalists
In the US, political party affiliation is
A political party platform is the
Document that outlines the policies and positions of the party
By the use of _____ political parties take the large number of people who want to run for office under their title and narrow the field to one
The _____ party was the first American party to go out of existence
Federalist party was in competition with the ______ party
In a _____ election, the popular support and strength of the parties shift from one major party to the other
The Federalists generally thought that a democracy should be ruled by
Its wealthiest and best educated
The Democratic Republicans thought that _______ should dominate the government
Thomas Jefferson won the presidency under the banner of what party?
A _____ is a meeting held by party leaders to choose political candidates
_______ replaced caucus' in many states
A _____ is a person selected to represent the people of one geographic area at a party convention
A ______ is an election held in each of the two major parties to pick its candidates from the general elections
In a ______ primary, only registered party members can vote to choose the party's candidates
In California Democratic Party vs Jones the Supreme Court held that California's ______ primary violated the 1st Amendment rights to association
The phenomenon of states moving their presidential primary to earlier in the year is know as what?
Typically a ____ coordinates and plans a political candidates campaign strategy
The average winning House campaign in 2002 costs how much?
Pres candidates who raise money on their own in at least ____ states can get funds from the US Treasury to help pay for primary campaigns
For a PAC to be legitimate, the money it raises must come from at least ___ volunteer members and must be given to at least ___ candidates in the national elections
Campaign contributions that are made to political parties, instead of to particular candidates
Each state has as many electoral votes as it has
House and Senate members
To be elected, a presidential candidate must receive at least ____ electoral votes
270 of 538
Interest groups do not compete for what?
______ groups seek public policies that benefit the economic interests of their members
AARP is a potent political force with how many members
The American Medical Association and the American Political Science Association are examples of what?
Professional interest groups
Who is the largest and most powerful labor interest group?
A _________ is established by an interest group, a corporation, or a labor union to raise funds and make campaign contributions
Political Action Committee
Both House and the Senate passed a set of rules in 1996 that banned members of Congress from accepting what?
gifts, free trips or meals
Who pointed out that factions would be inevitable if we wanted a democratic form of government in Federalist Pater No. 10
The American Civil Liberties Union is an example of what?
A Public Interest Group
Organized labor represent less than what percent of the labor force?
The _____ Act requires lobbyists to report their clients, the issues on which they lobbied, and the agency or house the contacted
Lobby Disclosure Act of 1995