(527-510 B.C) Son of Pisistratus. He abbused powers as partial tyrant of Athens, so sent into exile. His short reign ended tyranney for Athens.
led 499 B.C. revolt of Ionians against Darius and Persian Empire; with Athens and Eretria he attacked Sardis - the fleet was destroyed and Miletus was burned
another name for Thermopylae, it was a narrow strip of land making it hard for the persian army to fight at full force
Spartan commander at the battle of Thermopylae (480 BCE), who told allies to return to Athens and develop "plan B" while he and three hundred Spartans engaged and delayed the Persians at the pass at Thermopylae. He and his men "died for Greece."
Traitor at the battle of Thermopylae, gave the Persians information about a goat path that led around the path, Persians completely surrounded Spartans, Spartans are destroyed, name means nightmare in the dictionary
general, and advisor to Xerxes. Offers advice telling Xerxes to attack Athens and capture Greece.
Spartan naval commander who in theory was in charge of the battles of artemesium and salamis. However, b/c Athens provided 127 ships, the duty really fell on Themistocles. He wants to go the isthmus when he learns that Xerxes has raided the temples and sacked Athens, but he is blackmailed/talked out of it by Themistocles