AP US History Chapter 3

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The american Revolution: 1774-1783

True

TRUE/FALSE: Both the British and the Americans had military, political and economic advantages and disadvantages in the war.

False (the Battle of Saratoga was the turning point in the war)

TRUE/FALSE: The Battle of Bunker hill was the turning point in the war, for it persuaded the French to give what proved to be significant help to the Americans in the war for independence.

True

TRUE/FALSE: Black Americans played an important role in the war.

False (the American victory did not fundamentally change the condition or status of blacks or women)

TRUE/FALSE: The American victory freed slaves and gave women the right to vote.

minute men

militia men who could be mobilized at a moment's notice

Ethan Allen and his Green Mountain Boys

seized Fort Ticonderoga in New York

Declaration of the Causes and Necessities for Taking Up Arms

military plans that Congress drew up that organized an army led by George Washington, a navy created to disrupt British shipping and an expedition led by Benedict Arnold to wrest Canada from the British Empire

Richard Henry Lee

introduced a resolution in Congress that declared the colonies free and independent states

Thomas Paine

wrote Common Sense, a pamphlet that condemned monarchy and aristocracy

Thomas Jefferson

wrote the Declaration of Independence

July 4, 1776

month, day, and year the Declaration of Independence was formally approved by Congress.

Articles of Confederation

first constitution of the United States

Hessians

hired Germans

British advantages in the war

larger population; possessed considerable financial resources; controlled seas and trade; highly trained and experienced professional fighting force; Native American, Tory, Black American and Loyalist allies

British disadvantages in the war

battled Holland, Spain, and France; style of fighting was not suitable for North America; had considerable logistical problems; had to destroy Washington's Army

Colonial advantages in the war

were fighting for liberty, had excellent officers, we able to utilize guerrilla welfare, received financial support from France

Colonial disadvantages in the war

Congress had no political authority; most were loyalists, indifferent or neutral about war; suffered supply shortages

Battle of Saratoga (1777)

General Horatio Gates and American forces defeated British General Burgoyne; turning point in war

Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, and John Adams

three principal American diplomats

January 14, 1783

month, day and year Congress ratified the Treaty of Paris

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