ART, LITERATURE, MUSIC
|Last of the Mohicans (1757)|| a. Novel by James Fenimore Cooper |
b. First American writer to feature uniquely American characters.
c. Created the idea of "the noble savage".
|Common Sense (1776)|| a. Thomas Paine wrote this pamphlet.|
b. Easy to understand call for independence from Britain.
c. Influenced many readers in favor of revolution.
|The Federalist Papers (1787)|| a. Written by Hamilton, Madison, and Jay|
b. Supported ratification of the Constitution
|The Liberator (1831)||a. Anti-slavery newspaper published by William Lloyd garrison|
|Democracy in America (1835)|| a. Alexis de Tocqueville was the author|
b. Argued that American individualism was the result of the absence of an aristocracy.
|The Hudson River School (mid 1800's)|| a. Group of artists led by Thomas Cole.|
b. Painted landscapes emphasizing America's natural beauty.
|McGuffey Readers (1836)|| a. Best known instruction books in 19th century schools. |
b. Taught stories, poems, essays, patriotism and moral values.
|Leaves of Grass (1855)|| a. Poems by Walt Whitman|
b. Revolt against reason and the embrace of nature.
|Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852)|| a. Harriet Beecher Stowe was the author|
b. Important influence on Northern opposition to slavery
c. Second only to the Bible in sales.
|Walden (1854)|| a. Henry David Thoreau was the author|
b. Transcendentalism: reach truth through inner reflection and exposure to nature.
|Horatio Alger Jr. Stories (1867-1899)|| a. Collection of short novels|
b. "Rags to riches" stories of how poor boys rose to success through hard work and luck
|A Century of Dishonor (1881)|| a. Helen Hunt Jackson|
b. Raised public awareness of the federal government's mistreatment of Native Americans
|The Influence of Sea Power Upon History (1890)|| a. Captain Alfred Mahan|
b. Control of the sea was America's key to world dominance
c. Important influence on Theodore Roosevelt
|How the Other Half Lives|| a. Jacob Riis|
b. Took poignant photos of poverty and despair of immigrants in New York's Lower East Side
|15. History (1893)|| a. Frederick Jackson Turner|
b. The development of American individualism and democracy was shaped by the frontier experience ("frontier thesis")
|The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)|| a. Frank L. Baum|
b. Written as a political commentary on free silver and the plight of American farmers.
|The Ashcan School (early 1900's)|| a. Group of 8 American artists, led by John Sloan|
b. Ashcan artists focused on depicting urban scenes such as crowded tenements and boisterous barrooms.
|The Jungle (1906)|| a. Upton Sinclair|
b. Exposed appalling conditions in Chicago's meatpacking industry
c. Classic "muckraking" novel
d. Led to passage of Pure Food and Drug Act and Meat Inspection Act of 1906
|The Lost Generation|| a. Writers such as Sinclair Lewis, Ernest Hemingway, and F. Scott Fitzgerald|
b. Disillusioned with American Society following WWI (in the 1920's)
c. Criticized middle class conformity in novels such as Babbit and Main Street
|Harlem Renaissance (1920's)|| a. Key writers: Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, Claude McKay, Josephine Baker, and James Weldon Johnson|
b. Created a distinctive African American literature
|Jazz|| a. Black musicians such as "Joe" King Oliver, W.C. Handy, and "Jelly Roll" Martin helped create jazz.|
b. Later: Duke Ellington and Louis Armstrong
|The Grapes of Wrath (1939)|| a. John Steinbeck|
b. Described the plight of "Okies" forced to leave Dust Bowl-stricken Oklahoma in an attempt to find work in California during the Great Depression
|The Organization Man (1956)|| a. W. H. Whyte|
b. Criticizes American belief that economic prosperity and conformity will solve all problems.
|On the Road (1957)|| a. Jack Kerouac|
b. Expressed the alienation and disillusionment of the Beat Generation of the 1950's.
|Rock and Roll, 1950's|| a. Key musicians: Little Richard, Chuck Berry, Elvis Presley|
b. Strongly inspired and influenced by Black musical traditions, especially rhythm and blues
|Silent Spring (1962)|| a. Rachel Carson|
b. Protested the contamination of the air, land, and water with chemical pesticides.
c. Sparked the environmental movement in the United States.
|The Feminine Mystique (1963)|| a. Betty Friedan|
b. She argued that most women were unhappy because they were forced to give up their careers and educations to be homemakers.
c. Sparked the Women's Liberation Movement of the 1960's and 70's.
|The Other America (1962)|| a. Michael Harrington|
b. Book about poverty in America
c. Influenced Kennedy and Johnson strongly with regard to their social programs.
|Letter from the Birmingham Jail (1963)|| a. Martin Luther King Jr.|
b. Written while in jail after protests in Birmingham
c. Citizens have a duty to obey unjust laws