History Exam 1

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History 1302

The 13th amendment, adopted in 1865, states that

Slavery will no longer exist in the US

Guidebook authors and agents for land grant railroads and immigration companies tended to describe the American West as

A new Eden filled with fertile land

According to Plessy v. Ferguson decision,

The races could be separated but equal accommodations must be provided

The "new immigrants" whose migration to the US increased after 1880 came mainly from

Southern and Eastern Europe

In the working class neighborhood of American industrial cities in the three decades after the Civil War

A. Ethnic groups often gathered in a particular area

A successful leader of the American Federation of Labor was

A. Samuel Gompers

By 1890, Blacks found the Republican Party

B. willing to compromise black needs to obtain political support for other issues

Terence Powderly is best remembered as the leader of

C. Knights of Labor

The massive cities of the late 19th century were made possible largely by the development of

B. mass transit

When Booker T Washington used the phrase "Cast down your buckets where you are at.." he meant that

A. opportunities were all around

In the last three decades of the 19th century, the political bosses who often dominated city government:

C. Provided social services which formal government did not

The "Bourbons" are best understood as

A. Southern "redeemers" who wanted to exclude Blacks from power

The archetypal settler who moved to the west could be best described as

C. an optimist who hoped to build a new but more successful life

The idea behind horizontal integration of a monopoly is to

C. gain control of an industry choke point to gain control of the entire industry

The idea behind vertical integration of a monopoly is to

A. control every aspect of an industry from raw materials to sales outlets

Jay Gould, the Railroad magnate, set out in 1886 to set up a trap for and destroy

the Knights of Labor

The elaborate organization of the big city political machines was aimed at

B. turning out the vote on election day

In US v. Harris (1882) the Supreme Court held that

A. Federal laws to punish crimes such as murder and assault were unconstitutional

The philosophy of Social Darwinism appealed to some American businessmen because it justified their belief that

C. their business tactics were legitimate

With the change from sailing ships to steamships in the late 19th century immigration increased for all of the following reasons EXCEPT

C.Epidemics do not break out on steel ships

Between 1877 and 1890 American race relations in the South could best be described as

B. uneasy tolerance

All of the following were factors which pushed Europeans to immigrate to American EXCEPT

B. loss of voting rights among peasants

Railroads contributed to the economic growth of the US in all of the following EXCEPT

B. by encouraging widespread ownership of the transportation industries

After reconstruction the South began to reassert white supremacy. They accomplished this by all of the

D. the "May Laws"

The railroad strike of 1877 indicated that

A. Business was becoming national rather than local in scope

Immigration restrictions passed prior to 1924 were not very successful because

C. the restrictions were too vague to enforce consistently

The Knights of Labor

C. by definition open to anyone who "toiled"

In its efforts to help workers the AFL sought

D. short term gains such as pay increases, eight hour work day, and improved working conditions

The Haymarket Square Riot of 1886 was

B. an indication to the public that society and labor were riddled with radicals

The outcome of the Pullman Strike of 1894 indicated that the federal government

A. would intervene on the side of management rather than labor

The Grange virtually disappeared after 1884 because

B. it lacked an effective central organization

Pools and Cartels tended to fail because

B. they were voluntary agreements and therefore non-binding

After the Civil War, the emergence of the modern corporation was aided by all of the following developments EXCEPT

C. the success of pool arrangements among various companies

The Omaha Platform of the Populists included all of the following EXCEPT

A. federal subsidies for local banks

The Pullman Strike was broken when scabs were ordered to

B. Hook the US mail cars to Pullman coaches

In the 1870s efforts by the labor unions to gain bargaining power were unsuccessful primarily because

D. Many Americans feared the tactics of the unions and considered them too radical

The settlement of the Homestead Strike of 1892 was significant because it

C. crippled the power of the steel workers to unionize

Most of the foreign immigrants to the cities

B. established close knot ethnic communities

The urban political machine had all of the following EXCEPT

Keeping the Irish Catholics from gaining control of the city government

In "The Gospel of Wealth" Andrew Carnegie claims that

A. the wise rich man shares his wealth with the community therefor everyone benefits

By the end of the 1800s the use of cartels, trusts and holding companies by big businesses resulted in

A. a concentration of economic power in the hands of a few

In general, the Populist movement was primarily supported by

B. small farmers

W.E.B DuBois feels that Booker T Washington represents

D. the old attitude of adjustment and submission

When the South sent a number of former Confederate civil and military officials to Washington DC as congressman following the war, Northern Congressman

A. refused to seat them

In Williams v. Mississippi (1898) the court in effect found that

C. Black voters could be disenfranchised through literacy tests

Holding companies are a form of consolidation in which

B. a central corporate body formally purchases the stocks of various corporations

The NY County Courthouse was seen as Boss WIlliam Tweed's masterpiece because

A. it would end up costing 52 times as much as estimated

George Washington Plunkitt is best remembered as

C. Tammany Hall district leader

Leader of the American Railroad Union was

B. Eugene V Debs

Most immigrants to the US settled in the northeast, mainly because

A. that was where the industrial jobs were located

The leader of the Southern Farmer Alliance was

C. Charles W Macune

The Scarecrow represents

B. Farmers

The cowardly lion represents

D. Williams Jennings Bryant

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