psychology final exam ch-13 post test

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biopsychosocial approach.

An integrated understanding of psychological disorders in terms of stressful memories, evolutionary processes, and gender roles is most clearly provided by

phobia

Although Mark realizes that his behavior is unreasonable, he is so alarmed by high bridges or expressway overpasses that he avoids them by taking an unnecessarily lengthy route to and from work each day. Mark appears to suffer from

antisocial personality disorder.

Low levels of anxiety are most characteristic of

biasing power of diagnostic labels.

Brenna perceived Chad's friendliness towards her as threatening and inappropriate because she had been falsely informed that he suffered a psychotic disorder. This best illustrates the

mania

Mr. Hoffman has always been cautious with his money, but over the past two weeks he has developed grandiose plans to bet his entire life savings on a single horse race. With unrestrained exuberance he has also been giving everybody he sees unsolicited advice on how to make millions in the stock market. Mr. Hoffman's behavior is most indicative of

social-cognitive perspective.

Amanda's therapist suggests that her depression results from mistakenly blaming herself rather than a slumping economy for her recent job loss. Her therapist's suggestion best illustrates a

ADHD

Brian often interrupts his teacher while she is speaking and frequently forgets to complete his homework assignments. He also has difficulty taking turns in playground games with classmates. Brian most clearly exhibits symptoms of

schizophrenia

Oxygen deprivation at the time of birth is a known risk factor for

conversion disorder

Experiencing physical symptoms, such as blindness or paralysis, for which no physiological basis can be found is indicative of

hallucinations.

Michael complains that threatening voices are constantly telling him that he is so evil he should drown himself. Michael is experiencing

obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Without success, Maxine spends hours each day trying to suppress intrusive thoughts that she might have forgotten to lock her house when she left for work. Her experience is most symptomatic of

panic disorder

Symptoms that may be misperceived as a heart attack are most characteristic of

psychoanalytic perspective.

The suggestion that dissociative identity disorder symptoms are created as defenses against the anxiety caused by one's own unacceptable impulses best illustrates the

20

Symptoms of schizophrenia begin to appear at a median age of about

schizophrenia.

Mrs. Higgins believes that aliens from another planet have removed her stomach and are watching her to see how long it takes her to grow another one. Mrs. Higgins is most likely suffering from

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