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Chapter 17

Which of the following structures is an essential part of most fungal reproductive systems?

Spores

The majority of plant species today are?

Angiosperms

The type of life cycle seen in plants is called

alternation of generations

Plants dependent on nocturnal pollinators typically have flowers that are

large, light-colored, and highly scented

Mosses belong to the group of plants known as the

Bryophytes

Most familiar types of mushrooms, along with puffballs and shelf fungi

basidiomycetes (club fungi)

The ancestors of land plants were probably _____ that lived in _______.

green algae similar to charophytes....coastal marshes or lake fringes

Which of the following statements regarding ferns is true?

Ferns have well developed vascular tissue, roots, and stems

What kind of entity is a lichen?

An association between a fungus and cyanobacteria or green algae

The _____ is the protective chamber that houses the ovule and later matures to become the fruit.

Ovary

Which of the following represents the male gametophyte of a conifer?

pollen grain

Corn, peppers, tomatoes, and cucumbers all contain seeds and are derived from the ovary of a flowering plant. Therefore, in botanical terms, they are ________.

fruits

Which of the following organisms has a dominant sporophyte generation and a free-living gametophyte generation?

Fern

The main causes for the loss of plant biodiversity include

Clear cutting of forests to create farmland and logging

Heterotrophic eukaryotes that digest their food externally and absorb the small molecules are referred to as

fungi

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