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many psychologists find it useful to think about memory as a series of steps in which we process information much like a computer stores and retrieves data. these steps form what is know as the ___ model

information-processing

a process by which a person continues to study material even after is has been learned is called

over learning

sensory registers___

receive sensory information from the external world

the process of selective looking, listening, smelling, and feeling is called____

attention

working memory and _____ mean the same thing

short-term memory

the most accurate description of short- term memory's capacity is probably to say that it can hold____

as much info as can be rehearsed in 1.5 to 2 seconds

______results in more material being stored in short-term memory because the information is grouped together

chunking

material stored in short-term memory remains there for about _____

15 to 20 seconds

repeating information over and over gain to retain it in short-term memory is called____

rote rehearsal

connecting new information to material which is already known is called____

elaborative learning

the type of memory that is usually permanent and stores what we know is called _____

long-term memory

the definition of a key term from your psycholofy text is most likely stored in ______ memory

semantic

the portion of long-term memory that stores spicific information that has personal meaning is called _____ memory

episodic

research on implicit and explicit memory indicates that____

the setting in which you learned information can serve as a retrieval cue to help you later recall that material

the most important determinant of interference is

similarity

in interviewing witnesses to a bank robbery a detective hears a diffrent story from each witness. witnesses recall different hair color, height, and even the number of suspects involved. the most likely explanation for these differences in the stories of the witnesses is____

reconstructive memory

a type of memory loss that has no known neurological cause is_____

hysterical amnesia

researchers have shown that overlearning _______

increases both short-term and long-term retention of material

our visual sensation of a classmate walking past us would initially be in the ______

sensory registers

chunking is a mean of

organizing information into meaningful units

according to the ______theory, information gets pushed aside or confused by other information in short-term memory

interference

elaborative rehearsal involves____

relating new information to something you already know

the portioin of long-term memory that stores general facts and information is called _____

semantic

an item is easier to remember____

the more connections it has with information already in long-term memory

while memorizing a list of words, students are exposed to the smell of garlic. If the students recall more words when there is the smell of garlic then the effect of garlick is most likely due to _____memory

implicit

proactive interference of long-term memory means ____

old material interferes with remembering new material

when memories are not lost but are transformed into something somewhat different, it is called_____

reconstructive memory

our recollection of events that occurred in our life and when those events took place is called ___memory

autobiographical

memories that concern events that are highly significant and are vividly remembered are called ______

flashbulb memories

eidetic imagery is sometimes called _____

photographic memory

we use mnemonics to_____

give order to information we want to learn

the hippocampus is important for _____

transferring information from short-term to long-term memory

a form of amnesia related to alcoholism is _____

Korsakoff's syndrome

_____memory tends to improve with age

semantic

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