The top three causes of death in the US include stroke, cancer, and heart disease. All of these conditions are thought to be increased by ______
The term "Calorie" is used in nutrition to mean
the amount of energy a food item provides when eaten
True or False: Over time, consuming excess or insufficient amounts of one or more nutrients will result in malnutrition.
Nonnutrient substances found in plant foods that show biological activity in the body are commonly known as _______
Which of the following is characteristic of an essential nutrient
Cannot be made in sufficient quantities
The percentage range of intakes for protein, fat, and carbohydrate that are thought to reduce the risk of chronic diseases is termed the
Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges
Of the ten leading causes of illness and death, how many are associated directly with nutrition
4 out of the 10
All of the following are characteristics of the Dietary Reference Intakes, except:
there are two sets of standards, one for healthy people and one for when someone is sick
Energy recommendation about the proportions of calories that should come from carbohydrate, fat, and protein:
TRUE or FALSE: Because structure/function claims on supplements have undergone rigorous scientific study, the FDA has approved these claims.
All of the following are examples of legumes except:
The addition of liberal amounts of calcium to some commercially available orange juice products by juice processors is most properly termed nutrient
Food labels express the nutrient content in relation to a set of standard values known as the _____ ______
On a food label, the "% Daily Value" table compares key nutrients per serving for a person consuming how many kcalories?
What does it mean to choose foods for their nutrient density?
Foods with a lot of nutrients per calorie such as fish are more nutritious choices than foods with fewer nutrients per calorie such as candy
When you eat a taco, the tortilla, meat, cheese, lettuce, and tomato, are broken apart, releasing the nutrients and other food components they contain. This process is called:
The transport of substances across a cell membrane with the aid of a carrier molecule and the expenditure of energy.
Jasmine has gallstones and experiences severe pain when she eats. What substance should she avoid to try to reduce the pain she is experiencing?
Which of the following products of digestion is NOT normally released directly into the bloodstream?
People who have frequent regular bouts of heartburn and indigestion have a medical condition known as ________ _______
the rise in blood glucose levels after eating stimulates the pancreas to secrete the hormone _______, causing blood glucose levels to ______.
This form of diabetes is caused by an autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas:
Type 1 diabetes
Which of the following is a typical response of the body to changes is blood glucose?
Blood glucose levels that fall too low signal the release of glucagon.
This lipid is an important component of cell membranes, forming a lipid bilayer by orienting the water-soluble portion towards the water environment:
Which of the following is a characteristic of essential fatty acids?
the body cannot make these at all or in sufficient quantities to meet the body's need
All of the following are true about omega-3 fatty acids except:
high amounts in the diet increase inflammation
All of the following foods contain cholesterol except:
potato chips cooked in partially hydrogenated corn oil
Triglycerides that are consumed in the diet can be used in all of the following situations except:
converted to muscle tissue
TRUE or FALSE: Excess calories that are consumed as carbohydrate or protein can be used to synthesize fatty acids
Which of the following is a characteristic of cholesterol?
it is a precursor for bile and vitamin D synthesis