the period of history between classical antiquity and the Italian Renaissance
ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Illiad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC)
long poems that tell the stories of heroes
components, attributes, and good traits of character
A war (around 1200 B.C.), in which an army lead by Mycenaean (Greece) kings attacked the city of Troy in Anatolia;
the name the Greeks had for their land
a renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements
used during the Geometric period (900 - 700 BCE); around rim -- maze-like or, winding path
(classical mythology) a mythical being that is half man and half horse
an ancient Greek wide-mouthed bowl for mixing wine and water
in Archaic Greek sculpture, the smile indicated that the person portrayed is alive
(Greek mythology) daughter of Zeus and Demeter -- hades
triangular part above columns in Greek buildings -- holds sculpture
important leader and warrior in Athens during the Golden Age who strengthened democracy, made it possible for poor people to be in the government of Athens, and said there should be equal justice for all people.
High Classical Sculptor; devised mathematical formula for representing the perfect male body; famous work=Doryphoros (bronze statue of young man holding spear)
put all weight on one leg, causes hips to shift and shoulders to counter balance, which sets up potential for natural pose
Art or literature characterized by a realistic view of people and the world; sticks to traditional themes and structures.
The practice of seeing or representing things in ideal form rather than as they usually exist in real life.
a collection of books accepted as holy scripture especially the books of the Bible recognized by any Christian church as genuine and inspired
A fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek city
In classical architecture, the slight swelling or bulge in the center of a column, which corrects the illusion of concave tapering produced by parallel or straight lines
was the festival honoring the goddess Athena, warrior goddess of wisdom and the intellect and patroness of the city of Athens. The festival occurred every four years and was characterized by a procession which passed through the city on a sacred way and concluded outside the Parthenon on the Acropolis. It was also celebrated by athletic games and sacrifices of one hundred cattle.
-Goddess of wisdom, warfare.
-statue of Athena by Phidas, 438 BCE, , ivory and gold, almost 40 ft.
-Parthenon was named after Athena; one of her names was Aparthenos
sepulchral mound, grave; heap of earth
Romulus & Remus
two twins who according to legend founded the city of Rome in 753 BC. According to legend, they were twin sons of the god Mars and a Latin princess. The twins were abandoned on the Tiber River as infants and raised by a she-wolf. The twins then decided to build a city near the spot.
a group of 300 men elected to govern Rome
of the hereditary aristocracy or ruling class of ancient Rome or medieval Europe
an ordinary citizen in the ancient Roman republic
in ancient Rome, wax portraits of ancestors
often used by the Romans in marble sculptures of heads. Verism, often described as "warts and all", shows the imperfections of the subject, such as warts, wrinkles and furrows.
Type of roman portrait showing hype or real detail
Made dictator for life in 45 BCE, after conquering Gaul, assinated in 44 BCE by the Senate because they were afraid of his power
She was an egyptian queen who had an affair with Marc Antony. She commits suicide with Marc Antony because Marc was defeated at Actium and Augustus was after them.
Roman general under Julius Caesar in the Gallic wars; defeated @ Actium - suicide
Roman statesman who established the Roman Empire and became first true emperor in 27 BC
Honorific name of Octavian, founder of the Roman Principate, the military dictatorship that replaced the failing rule of the Roman Senate
comes from the Latin word "imperium"; translates to power of command
the high priest of Rome, the head of Roman state religion; he appointed and oversaw the vestal virgins.
A period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 B.C. to A.D. 180. -- 200 yrs