Substantive Due Process
Constitutional requirement that governments act reasonably and that the substance of the laws themselves be fair and reasonable; limits what a government may do.
a warrant authorizing law enforcement officials to search for objects or people involved in the commission of a crime and to produce them in court
Procedural Due Process
Constitutional requirement that governments proceed by proper methods; limits how government may exercise power.
Writs Of Assistance
legal document that enabled officers to search homes and warehouses for goods that might be smuggled
a rule that provides that otherwise admissible evidence cannot be used in a criminal trial if it was the result of illegal police conduct
Expost Facto Law
a law applied retroactively to punish acts that were not crimes before its passage or that were not crimes before its passage or that raises the grade of an offense, or that renders an act punishable in a more severe manner that it was when committed.
the prosecution of a defendant for a criminal offense for which he has already been tried
the rule that police (when interrogating you after an arrest) are obliged to warn you that anything you say may be used as evidence and to read you your constitutional rights (the right to a lawyer and the right to remain silent until advised by a lawyer)
the legal system that allows an accused person to be temporarily released from custody (usually on condition that a sum of money guarantees their appearance at trial)
a law which allows federal judges to order that an accused felon be held, without bail, when there is good reason to believe that he or she will commit yet another serious crime before trial