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Battle of Little Big Horn

Sioux leader sitting bull led the fight against general George Custer and the 7th cavalry. The Sioux wanted miners out of the black hills, and had appealed to government officials in Washington to stop the miners. Washington doesn't listen. When custer came to little bighorn rivers sitting bull and his warriors were ready and killed them all!

The Grange

1867 by oliver h kelly their main goals was to enhance the lives of isolated farmer through social and fraternal activities self improvement <they put pressure on mid western legislatures to regulate railroad monolopies>

Knights Of Labor

did not believe in strikes, relied on rallies and meetings to win public support. Goals included a shorter work day, and end to child labor, and equal pay for men and women.

Credit Mobilier

Company that overcharged Union Pacific for the work they did, done with the knowledge of some members of Congress

Fredrick Taylor

An American mechanical engineer who sought to improve industrial efficiency. He was one of the first to begin the study of industrial work so as to improve what he deemed was "amateurish industrial management". Many of his ideas were wildly influential in the Progressive Era. Also a successful tennis player(who knew?).

Vertical Integration

Practice where a single entity controls the entire process of a product, from the raw materials to distribution

Andrew Carnegie

Creates Carnegie Steel. Gets bought out by banker JP Morgan and renamed U.S. Steel. Andrew Carnegie used vertical integration by buying all the steps needed for production. Was a philanthropist. Was one of the "Robber barons"

Horizontal Integration

Type of monopoly where a company buys out all of its competition. Ex. Rockefeller

Social Darwinism

Formulated by Herbert Spencer, said that human race driven forward to ever greater specialization and progress by the brutal economic struggle. Struggle resulted in 'survival of the fittest': Rich were strong, poor were weak. Really liked by upper middle class.

Emilio Aguinaldo

Philippine leader of a rebellion against Spanish rule (1896-1898) and an uprising against American authority (1899-1901) that ended with his capture and subsequent oath of allegiance to the United States.

Teddy Roosevelt

president 1901-1909 a natrualist, was sickly as a child and stayed inside and focused on school. he loved to be outside and challange himself.Roosevelt supposrted pure food and drug law, created the Burea of Corporations to inspect business earnings, prohibited discrimination by the rairoads, and enforced the Sherman Anti-trust Act. He changed the nation's foreign policy by making it more imperialistic and adding new lands like Hawaii.

Peace Of Paris

This ended the Seven Years War/French and Indian war between Britain and her allies and France and her allies. The result was the acquisition of all land east of the Mississippi plus Canada for Britain, and the removal of the French from mainland North America.

USS Maine

"start" of the Span-Amer war; exploded off the coast of cuba and it was blamed on spanish torpedoes; heightened by yellow journalists

Platt Amendment

Cuban govt. cannot enter any foreign agreements, must allow the US to establish naval bases as needed on Cuba, and must give US the right to intervene whenever necessary

Pendleton Act

1883, enacted civil service reform, said the Civil Service Exam must be taken in order to recieve most government jobs (highest scores got the jobs), banned federal employees from giving campaign money to their party

Sherman Anti-Trust Act

1890 First federal action against monopolies, it was signed into law by Harrison and was extensively used by Theodore Roosevelt for trust-busting. However, it was initially misused against labor unions

Coxey's Army

unemployed workers marched from ohio to wahsington to draw attention to the plight of workers and to ask for goverment relief

Jane Addams

the founder of Hull House, which provided English lessons for immigrants, daycares, and child care classes. And helped find the NAACP

Eugenics

attempts to improve human genetic stock by encouraging breeding among intellectually superior people

War in the Philippines

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Comstock Act

no obscene materials could be sent through the U. S. mail

Compulsory Sterilization

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Woman's Christian Temperance Union

educate people about the evils of alcohol. Group that urged laws banning the sale of liquor.

Frances Willard

became leader of the WCTU. She worked to educate people about the evils of alcohol. She urged laws banning the sale of liquor. Also worked to outlaw saloons as step towards strengthening democracy.

18th Amendment

1919 Prohibition; illegal to sell, produce, or transport alcoholic beverages

William Jennings Bryan

United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school (1860-1925)

Social Gospel

protestant movement applied Christian principles to social problems

Mark Twain

He was America's most popular author,In 1873 along with the help of Charles Dudley Warner he wrote The Gilded Age. This is why the time period is called the "Gilded Age".

Samuel Gompers

led the AFL (American Federation of Labor), a skilled craft union, fought for wages and working conditions, they went on strike, boycotted and used collective bargaining

Muckrakers

This term applies to newspaper reporters and other writers who pointed out the social problems of the era of big business. The term was first given to them by Theodore Roosevelt.

Muller v Oregon

1908 - Supreme Court upheld Oregon state restrictions on the working hours of women as justified by the special state interest in protecting women's health

Mann Act

1909- An act focused on reducing prostitution by prohibiting white slavery, and banning the interstate transport of females for "immoral purposes".

NAWSA

founded by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony in 1890 to obtain women's rights to vote

Carrie Chapman Catt

Spoke powerfully in favor of suffrage, worked as a school principal and a reporter ., became head of the National American Woman Suffrage, an inspiried speaker and abrilliant organizer. Devised a detailed battle plan for fighting the war of suffrage.

Alice paul

Founded National Womens Party. In January 1917, picketed the White House, demonstrated, went to jail, and went on a hunger strike to get the attention of the public to put pressure on President Woodrow Wilson.

National Women's Party

a women's organization founded in 1916 that fought for women's rights during the early 20th century in the United States, particularly for the right to vote on the same terms as men

19th Amendment

Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1920) extended the right to vote to women in federal or state elections.

Ida B. Wells-Barnett

the lynching of blacks outraged her, an african american journalist. in her newspaper, free speech, wells urged african americans to protest the lynchings. she called for a boycott of segregated street cars and white owned stores. she spoke out despite threats to her life.

National Association of Colored Women

an independent affiliation modeled after white counterparts, but some took positions on issues of particular concern to blacks( crusading against lynching, and called for congressional legislation to make lynching a federal crime)

Booker T. Washington

an American educator, author and leader of the African American community. He was freed from slavery as a child, gained an education, and as a young man was appointed to lead a teachers' college for blacks. From this position of leadership he rose into a nationally prominent role as spokesman for African Americans. Thought that education would be the way Blacks gained equality

W.E.B. DuBois

1st black to earn Ph.D. from Harvard, encouraged blacks to resist systems of segregation and discrimination, helped create NAACP in 1910;brake the color line...demanded equal rights

Niagara Movement

in 1905 Dubois started this movement(seek Liberal Arts education) at Niagara Falls, and four years later joined with white progressives sympathetic to their cause to form NAACP, the new organization later led to the drive for equal rights.

NAACP

1909-WEB Dubois an organazation founded by both blacks and whites who's goal was to fight predijuce and discrimination

17th Amendment

Passed in 1913, this amendment to the Constitution calls for the direct election of senators by the voters instead of their election by state legislatures.

Recall

gave citizens a chance to remove an elected official from office before the person's term ended

Referendum

a state-level method of direct legislation that gives voters a chance to approve or disapprove legislation or a constitutional amendment proposed by the state legislature. Public Vote

Trust Busting

Roosevelt sought to regulate rather than dissolve most trusts. He tried to reduce the control of "corrupt" "big business" over the U.S. economy and workers

Roosevelt Corollary

president theodore roosevelt's 1904 extension of the monroe doctrine, in which he declared that the united states had the right to exercise "police power" throughout the western hemishere.

William Howard Taft

27th president of the U.S.; he angered progressives by moving cautiously toward reforms and by supporting the Payne-Aldrich Tariff; he lost Roosevelt's support and was defeated for a second term.

Bull Moose Party

a former political party in the United States, nickname for the new Progressive Party, which was formed to support Roosevelt in the election of 1912

New Nationalism

Theodore Roosevelt's program in his campaign for the presidency in 1912, the New Nationalism called for a national approach to the country's affairs and a strong president to deal with them. It also called for efficiency in government and society; it urged protection of children, women, and workers; accepted "good" trusts; and exalted the expert and the executive. Additionally, it encouraged large concentrations of capital and labor.

New Freedom

Woodrow Wilson's program in his campaign for the presidency in 1912, the New Freedom emphasized business competition and small government. It sought to reign in federal authority, release individual energy, and restore competition. It echoed many of the progressive social-justice objectives while pushing for a free economy rather than a planned one.

16th Amendment

Amendment to the United States Constitution (1913) gave Congress the power to tax income.

Federal Trade Commission

an independent agency of the United States fedeal government that maintains fair and free competition EX. enforces federal antitrust laws; educates the public about identity thef

Clayton Anti-Trust Act

(1914 TWW) more government regulation (outlawed mergers that tend to diminish competition) on business in an effort to break down monopolies; contained a section stating that labor unions were not considered monopolistic

Woodrow Wilson

Democrat picked him as their candidate, he was a progressive. became President in 1912. Made a program called New Freedom. Also Federal Reserve Act.

Ten Percent Plan

Lincoln- when 10% of the states population swore an oath of loyalty to the U.S. the state could form a new government, declare end of slavery and send representatives to Congress

National Women's Loyal league

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