Review Test for Religion Final

Created by raebella21 

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60 terms

Some scholars have questioned whether Laozi ever existed

False

Religions that worship the divine in many forms are known as polytheistic

True

Orthodox followers of a religion believe that practices must change with the times

False

Hindu philosophical systems include both dualistic and monistic viewpoints

True

The religious texts often considered to be the foundations of Sanatana Dharma are called the

Vedas

The intelligent design movement seeks scientific backing for creationism

True

Vajrayana Buddhism is

a form of Buddhism which promises a speeded-up path to enlightenment

The most popular form of yoga is Bhakti yoga

True

In indigenous religions, everything is experienced as

belief or creation, myth.

The philosophical basis of Daoism is expounded in which of the following

Dao de Jing

Contemporary Buddhists do not think that Buddhism can provide answers for social problems.

False

There have always been about as many Buddhist monks as there are nuns

False

According to the Daode jing, the Dao that can be told of is the Absolute Dao

False

The creative rhythm of the universe is called

Dao (Tao)

Humankind is understood to be currently in the first of the four yugas or ages

False

Despite their geographical diversity, indigenous religions all operate within the same social context.

False

The god Vishnu periodically appears in earthly incarnations

True

Confucius' work was

known, but not considered very significant during his lifetime

Which of the time periods below was a spiritual highpoint in many cultures and included the life of the Buddha, the Hebrew prophets, and the birth of Daoism and Confucianism?

sixth century BCE

The cycle of death and rebirth is known as

samsara

Researchers have identified many similarities in the use of symbols across different cultures.

True

the belief that the soul leaves the dead body and enters a new one is called

reincarnation

The Confucian virtue ren basically means

innate goodness

The spirits sacred to indigenous religions may be worshiped only at specially constructed temples

False

Dukkha means

suffering

State Shinto promoted the belief that the emperor was the offspring of Amaterasu

True

The term "fundamentalism" was first used in reference to Muslims form the Middle East

False

Historical-critical studies of scriptures assert that scriptures are a mixture of many elements, inkling myths, cultural influences, ethical instructions, copying mistakes, actual history, and genuine spiritual inspiration.

True

Buddhist teaching differs from Hindu teaching in that

it rejects the idea of an eternal soul

Which of these terms is that closest opposite to the term transcendent?

immanent

The deity who watches over family's activities is known as

the Kitchen God

Agnosticism is an intense, personal experience of sacred reality

False

The Supreme Beine for most indigenous peoples is a god who is a

Creator

The number of Americans who state that they are at least partly Native American is quickly decreasing

False

The quality of misfortune or impurity is known as

tsumi

Religious rituals may involve

all of the above

Buddhism accepts the HIndu caste system

False

Confucian thought was rejected in Japan

False

The Indian Supreme Court has refused to rules on what beliefs define Hinduism

False

The term anatman means

no eternal soul

Which of the following is an indigenous term for Hinduism

Sanatana Dharma

What is the name for a Hindu spiritual teacher

Guru

Samkhya and Advaita are

two major Hindu philosophical systems

Hindu tradition teaches that the Vedas are not the work of humans.

True

Dogma is

a system of doctrine proclaimed as absolutely true.

Mahatma Gandhi taught that it is wrong for Hindus to study other religions

False

There term shaman means

priest

Which of these terms its he closest to the term Monotheistic

Polytheistic

Indigenous religious practices are often interwoven with the practices of a global religion.

True

Scientific materialism asserts that

only the material world exists

Buddhism is often described as a non-theistic religion

True

It is common for aspects of Daoism and Confucianism to be blended in practice

True

In most native cultures, spiritual ways are shared

through rituals of altered consciousness

The Buddha encouraged gossip as a harmless way to analyze one's feelings towards others

False

A symbol for the unity that may indigenous cultures use is that of the

Circle

When indigenous ways were threatened with repression, many of the traditions were practiced

in secret

The Buddha appointed his disciple Ananda to be his successor

False

In many forms of Daoist practice are no longer undertaken

False

Siva is

The Destroyer/Re-creator

The belief that sacred reality is one underlying substance is known as

monism

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