compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen
the chain of carbon atoms in and organic molecule
compounds with the same formula, but different structure
the groups of atoms that usually participate in chemical reactions in an organic molecule
a functional group that consists of a hydrogen atom bonded to an oxygen atoms, which in turn is bonded to the carbon skeleton of a molecule (ex. alcohols)
a functional group with a carbon atom linked by a double bond to an oxygen atom
a FG with the carbon double bonded to an oxygen and bonded to a hydroxyl group
a FG with a nitrogen atom bonded o two hydrogen atoms
a phosphorus atom bonded to 4 oxygen atoms
a large molecule consisting of many identical or similar molecular units strung together
the single pieces that make up a polymer
joining together monomers by taking away two hydrogens and an oxygen
taking apart water and breaking bonds between cells and adding the hydrogen and water to it
a class of molecules ranging from the small sugar molecules sound in soft drinks, to starch (SUGARS)
polymers of monosaccarides linked together by dehydration synthesis
a glucose polysaccaride in which animals store excess sugar
most abundant organic compound on earth. used in cell walls and cannot be digested by humans. FIBER!
diverse compounds that consist mainly of carbon and hydrogen atoms linked by nonpolar covalent bonds
water-fearing (ex. LIPIDS)
a large lipid made from glycerol and fatty acids. Used as energy storage and to cushion the vital organs and insulate the body.
a fat having less the maximum number of hydrogens eg. having a double bond. healthy.
having the maximum number of hydrogen. unhealthy!
a polymer construccted from amino acid monomers. VERY COMPLICATED.
have an amino group and carboxyl group. a chain of which is called a polypeptide.
polymers that can serve as the blueprint for proteins
specific stretches of DNA molecule that program that amino acid sequences
the momomers that make up nucleic acids (backbone of the double helix)
Adenine, Cytosine, Guanine, Thymine (RNA doesnt have thymine, it has Uricil)