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PHARM: adverse effects by class Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. insulins
  2. sulfonamides
  3. statins
  4. adrenergic blockers
  5. SSRis and SNRIs
  1. a most serious is hypoglycemia: (s/s: tachycardia, confusion, sweating, and drowsiness)
  2. b nausea and vomiting most frequent. More serious are formation of crystals in urine, allergic reactions, nausea, and vomiting. not common, but potentially fatal blood abnormalities can occur.
  3. c weight gain, sexual dysfunction, excessive doses can cause confusion, anxiety, restlessness, HTN, tremors, sweating, fever
  4. d GI disturbances such as indigestion, flatulence, cramping, and constipation. can cause muscle injury resulting in symptoms such as weakness, soreness, and pain. atorvastatin and rosuvastatin are effective regardless the time of day taken. taking other statin drugs in the evening makes them available to work on the higher amount of cholesterol that the body makes at night.
  5. e syncope, urinary hestiancy in those with bph, dizziness, drowsiness, lightheadedness, blurred vision, tinnitus, epistaxis, edema, possible nasal congestion

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. initial ones are GI related and include loss of appetite, vomiting, and diarrhea. Headache, drowsiness, confusion, and blurred vision may occur. excessive slowing of the HR and other cardiac abnormalities can be fatal if not corrected.
  2. most serious, limiting adverse effect is rebound congestion when used for longer than 3-5 days. minor stinging nad dryness in nasal mucosa. HTN and CNS stimulation that may lead to insomnia or anxiety
  3. drowsiness, sedation, amnesia, weakness, disorientation, ataxia, sleep disturbance, BP changes, blurred vision, double vision, nausea, and vomiting.
  4. rashes and photosensitivity are possible. mild, GI-related effects such as nausea, vomiting, or loss of appetite
  5. infections common. reduction in urine output, tremor, HTN, elevated hepatic enzyme values.

5 True/False Questions

  1. Sodium Channel Blockershave potential to cause new dysrhythmias or worsen existing ones. hypotension, dizziness, fainting, dry mouth, constipation, urinary retention can occur, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and headache.

          

  2. tetracylcinesALLERGY most common. (s/s allergy: rash, fever, and anaphylaxis) diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. Anaphylaxis is most serious.

          

  3. sympathomimeticsincreased salivation, sweating, muscle cramping, abdominal cramping, hypotension (orthostatic), diarrhea, difficulty breathing, blurred vision, muscle weakness

          

  4. alkylating agentsbone marrow suppression is primary dose-limiting adverse effect. red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets begin to decline quickly. nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. alopecia is expected

          

  5. macrolidesno serious adverse effects. Mild GI upset, diarrhea, and abdominal pain are most common.

          

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