5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- alkylating agents
- bile acid resins
- a bone marrow suppression is primary dose-limiting adverse effect. red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets begin to decline quickly. nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. alopecia is expected
- b fatal bone marrow toxicity at high doses. hemorrhage and bruising due to low platelet counts are often observed. Nausea, vomiting, and anorexia are common.
- c ototoxicity is possible and may become permanent with continued use. Ringing in the ears, dizziness, and persistent headaches are early signs. monitor for nephrotoxicity
- d GI disturbances. constipation, bloating, nausea, indigestion. self-medication with niacin can cause gout and liver damage from high doses. it will not lower cholesterol at low doses. take 1 hour before or 4 hours after other meds. dissolving it in water and keeping fluid intake high helps to avoid irritation of the mouth and constipation
- e anticholinergic effects. tachycardia, tendency to cause urinary retention in men with prostate disorders, drowsiness, blurred vision, dry mouth, dry mucous membranes, urinary hesitancy, decreased sweating, orthostatic hypotension, sedation, constipation
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- daytime sedation, confusion, amnesia, dizziness, depression, nausea, vomiting, headache, drowsiness, sweating, palpitations, shaking, rebound insomnia when discontinued
- severe toxicity to blood cells at high doses. anemia and leukopenia are common, headache, generalized weakness, anorexia, nausea, diarrhea, lactic acidosis.
- dehydration is one of most common. electrolyte imbalances most common. hypokalemia (loss of Potassium) or hyperkalemia (high levels of potassium; occurs when taking potassium supplements with potassium-sparing diuretics)
- headache, dizziness, and flushing. reflex tachycardia, rebound hypotension if suddenly stopped.
- excessive sweating or dehydration can cause lithium toxicity. dizziness, fatigue, short-term memory loss, increased urination, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, diarrhea, dry mouth, muscular weakness, and slight tremors
5 True/False Questions
MAOIs → orthostatic hypotenstion, headache, insomnia, diarrhea. avoid foods containing tyramine and caffeine
SSRis and SNRIs → weight gain, sexual dysfunction, excessive doses can cause confusion, anxiety, restlessness, HTN, tremors, sweating, fever
biologic response modifiers → GI disturbances. constipation, bloating, nausea, indigestion. self-medication with niacin can cause gout and liver damage from high doses. it will not lower cholesterol at low doses. take 1 hour before or 4 hours after other meds. dissolving it in water and keeping fluid intake high helps to avoid irritation of the mouth and constipation
fluoroquinolones → nausea and vomiting most frequent. More serious are formation of crystals in urine, allergic reactions, nausea, and vomiting. not common, but potentially fatal blood abnormalities can occur.
CNS stimulants for ADHD → headache, insomnia, upper abdominal pain, decreased appetite, and cough