5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- H1 receptor blockers (antihistamines)
- a nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea most frequent. most serious are DYSRHYTHMIAS and potential HEPATOTOXICITY.
- b GI disturbances such as indigestion, flatulence, cramping, and constipation. can cause muscle injury resulting in symptoms such as weakness, soreness, and pain. atorvastatin and rosuvastatin are effective regardless the time of day taken. taking other statin drugs in the evening makes them available to work on the higher amount of cholesterol that the body makes at night.
- c 1st gen cause significant drowsiness. dry mouth, tachycardia, and mild hypotension
- d GI distress relatively common, photosensitivity, decrease effectiveness of oral contraceptives
- e SOB, palpitations, dizziness, chest/arm pain or pressure, tachycardia, urinary retention in men with prostate disorder, drowsiness, blurred vision, dry mouth, dry mucous membranes, urinary hesitancy, decreased sweating
5 Multiple choice questions
- ALLERGY most common. (s/s allergy: rash, fever, and anaphylaxis) diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. Anaphylaxis is most serious.
- bradycardia, possibly hypotension, can worsen dyrshythmias. most serious is a pneumonia-like syndrome. blurred vision, rashes, photosensitivity, nausea, vomiting, anorexia, fatigue, dizziness
- no serious adverse effects. Mild GI upset, diarrhea, and abdominal pain are most common.
- nausea and vomiting, hot flashes, fluid retention, venous blood clots, and abnormal vaginal bleeding relatively common
- few serious adverse effects. Rashes and Gi complaints are the most common. increased risk of gallstones
5 True/False questions
oral hypoglycemics → ototoxicity is possible and may become permanent with continued use. Ringing in the ears, dizziness, and persistent headaches are early signs. monitor for nephrotoxicity
antimetabolites → fatal bone marrow toxicity at high doses. hemorrhage and bruising due to low platelet counts are often observed. Nausea, vomiting, and anorexia are common.
Calcium Channel Blockers → have potential to cause new dysrhythmias or worsen existing ones. hypotension, dizziness, fainting, dry mouth, constipation, urinary retention can occur, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and headache.
opioids → orthostatic hypotenstion, headache, insomnia, diarrhea. avoid foods containing tyramine and caffeine
ACE inhibitors → most serious is hypoglycemia: (s/s: tachycardia, confusion, sweating, and drowsiness)