5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- biologic response modifiers
- Sodium Channel Blockers
- H1 receptor blockers (antihistamines)
- a have potential to cause new dysrhythmias or worsen existing ones. hypotension, dizziness, fainting, dry mouth, constipation, urinary retention can occur, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and headache.
- b flulike syndrome of fever, chills, dizziness, and fatigue, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and anorexia. depression and suicidal ideation have been reported. with prolonged therapy, immunosuppression, serious toxicity such as hepatotoxicity and neurotoxicity may be observed
- c 1st gen cause significant drowsiness. dry mouth, tachycardia, and mild hypotension
- d tachycardia, tendency to cause urinary retention in men with prostate disorders, drowsiness, blurred vision, dry mouth, dry mucous membranes, urinary hesitancy, decreased sweating, (SOB, cough, dysphagia, syncope, fever, anxiety, RUQ pain, extreme lethargy, dizziness signs of anticholinergic crisis)
- e nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea most frequent. most serious are DYSRHYTHMIAS and potential HEPATOTOXICITY.
5 Multiple choice questions
- infections common. reduction in urine output, tremor, HTN, elevated hepatic enzyme values.
- bradycardia, possibly hypotension, can worsen dyrshythmias. most serious is a pneumonia-like syndrome. blurred vision, rashes, photosensitivity, nausea, vomiting, anorexia, fatigue, dizziness
- drowsiness, sedation, amnesia, weakness, disorientation, ataxia, sleep disturbance, BP changes, blurred vision, double vision, nausea, and vomiting.
- respiratory depression, sedation, nausea, vomiting, dysphoria, hallucinations, constipation, dizziness, itching
5 True/False questions
decongestants → most serious, limiting adverse effect is rebound congestion when used for longer than 3-5 days. minor stinging nad dryness in nasal mucosa. HTN and CNS stimulation that may lead to insomnia or anxiety
sulfonamides → GI disturbances such as indigestion, flatulence, cramping, and constipation. can cause muscle injury resulting in symptoms such as weakness, soreness, and pain. atorvastatin and rosuvastatin are effective regardless the time of day taken. taking other statin drugs in the evening makes them available to work on the higher amount of cholesterol that the body makes at night.
statins → heartburn. uncommon unless given in high doses. at high doses, can cause GI discomfort and bleeding
Nonstimulants for ADHD → insomnia, nervousness, anorexia, weight loss, irregular heartbeat, high blood pressure, liver toxicity.
hormone and hormone antagonists → fatal bone marrow toxicity at high doses. hemorrhage and bruising due to low platelet counts are often observed. Nausea, vomiting, and anorexia are common.