women in the war
Women moved into industrial jobs that had always been held by men. Women also worked as volunteers and were involved in peace movements.
war industries board
Agency established during WWI to increase efficiency & discourage waste in war-related industries.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination, to oppose racism and to gain civil rights for African Americans, got Supreme Court to declare grandfather clause unconstitutional.
Small loans to the government that lent the government money over time. Total, the government raised $21 billion in liberty bonds.
selective service act
This 1917 law provided for the registration of all American men between the ages of 21 and 30 for a military draft. By the end of WWI, 24.2 had registered; 2.8 had been inducted into the army. Age limit was later changed to 18 to 45.
Made it a crime to criticize the government or government officials. Opponents claimed that it violated citizens' rights to freedom of speech and freedom of the press, gauranteed by the First Amednment.
First woman elected to the United States House of Representatives and the first female member of Congress. A Republican and a lifelong pacifist, she was the only member of Congress to vote against United States entry into both World War II and World War I. Additionally, she led resistance to the Vietnam War.
information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc.
somebody who refuses to perform military service or take part in a war
1860-1935. Founder of Settlement House Movement. First American Woman to earn Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 as president of Women's Intenational League for Peace and Freedom.
This law, passed after the United States entered WWI, imposed sentences of up to twenty years on anyone found guilty of aiding the enemy, obstructing recruitment of soldiers, or encouraging disloyalty. It allowed the postmaster general to remove from the mail any materials that incited treason or insurrection.
commitee on public information
thier goal was to convince Americans that the war was a battle for democracy and freedom
african americans in the war
more than 300k Afr. Amers. volunteered or were drafted to serve in the war - most never saw combat b/c of discriminatory policies that kept them separate from white troops