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ARH TEST 2

demeter (ceres)

godess of grain and agriculture. zeus' sister

ares (mars)

the god of war. son of zeus

hestia (vesta)

goddess of the hearth. sister of zeus

athena (minerva)

goddess of wisdom and welfare. born from the head of her father, zeus

zeus (jupiter)

king of the gods

hera (juno)

goddess of marriage

poseidon (neptune)

lord of the sea. trident. brother of zeus.

hephaistos (vulcan)

god of fire and metalworking. zeus son

apollo

god of light and music. son of zeus

artemis (diana)

goddess of the hunt and wild animals. sister of apollo

aphrodite (venus)

goddess of love and beauty. daughter of zeus

hermes (mercury)

the son of zeus. messenger of the gods

hades (pluto)

god of the dead. brother of zeus

dionysos (bacchus)

god of wine. son of zeus

eros (cupid)

god of love. son of aphrodite

it has been said that the Greeks made their gods into

humans and their humans into gods

Geometric krater

dipylon cemetry. Athens Greece. 740 BCE. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. a bowl for mixing wine and water

encaustic

a technique in which pigment is mixed with hot wax and applied to the statue.

doric order

severely plain. sturdy and firm

ionic order

highly ornamental. has a base. light and slender

Kouros

600 BCE. Marble Metropolitian Museum of Art, New York

Kroisos

Anavysos, Greece 530 BCE. Marble. National Archaeolgoical Museum, Athens. from this point on Greek statues always smile. face is more rounded. anatomy is more naturalistic.

Kritios Boy

480 BCE. from the Acropolis, Athens, Greece. Marble. Acropolis Museum, Athens. first statue to show how a person really stands. Does not smile

Parthenon

the temple of Athena Parthenos on the Acropolis at Athens, completed 438 BC by Ictinus and Callicrates and decorated by Phidias: regarded as the finest Doric temple.

Doryphoros

Statue that is recognized because of its embodiment of human beauty b/c of ordered proportions, fine muscle tone and rugged features. 440-450 BCE

Erechtheion

sacred to Poseidon Erechteus - purely Ionic (ornate, slneder, graceful);

Theater of Epidauros

Polykleitos The Younger. Greek theaters were always situated on hillsides, which suppored the cavea of stone seats overlooking the circular orchestra. The finest theater in Greece. held 12,000

Nike of Samothrace

It is a Hellenistic sculpture: the symbol of winged victory 190 BCE Marble

Cerveteri Sarcophagus

made of terracotta. 520 BCE. from Cerveteri, Italy. Museo Nazionale di Villa Giulia, Rome

Capitoline Wolf

Bronze portrayal of a she-wolf. used as the symbol of Rome. 500-480 BCE. Musei Capitolini, Rome

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