AP Euro Lit.
|Probably the single most important economic text ever written. He argues against mercantilism and in favor of a supply and demand capitalism. Government needs to maintain laissez-faire towards the economy||The Wealth of Nations: Adam Smith|
|Most important work of Christian Humanism. Satire in which he clearly praises foolish actions and mocks obviously logical things.||In Praise of Folly: Erasmus|
| He echoes "The Republic"|
He uses the bible to justify absolute, divine right monarchy.
|True Law of Free Monarchs: James I|
|Masterpiece of 18th century satire, mocks 18th century English society.||Gullivers Travels: Swift|
|Masterpiece of the Baroque- describes battle of heaven between God and Lucifer||Paradise Lost: Milton|
|Work that summarizes Newton's most important ideas, especially work with gravity, astronomy, and calculus.||Principia: Newton|
| Explained the circulatory system.|
Mapped arteries and veins, explained the rule of heart and lungs
|On the Motion of the Heart and Blood: Harvey|
| First book of international law|
He argues that nations were governed by the same laws as people
3 mile limit
|The Laws of War and Peace: Grotius|
| Etiquitte book that describes the qualities of a Renaissance man.|
It says that he must posess the qualities of a medieval man, but so much more.
|The Courtier: Castiglione|
| A love letter to England qritten during an exile from France.|
He compared the freedom of England to the repression of France
"England, where men think free and noble thoughts"
|Philosophical Letters on the English: Voltaire|
|Summation of his philosophy that all knowledge begins with doubt "cogito ergo sum"||Discourse on Method: Descartes|
|100 stories told by 10 friends trying to hide from the Black Death||The Decameron: Boccoccio|
|First major work that published anatomical drawings since antiquity||On the Structure of the Human Body: Vesallius|
|A Catholic devotional that argued that every person had a path to sainthood||The Way of Perfection: St Theresa|
|95 arguments against the church's teachings about works written in Latin to start an argument among the clergy||95 Thesis: Luther|
|A compendium of all human knowledge to be at your quick access.||Encyclopedei: Diderot|
|Revolutionary pamphlet that inspired the people to see the change that was possible with the revolution.||What is the Third Estate?: Abbe Sieyes|
| First significant work written in English vernacular, opposed to Latin|
It describes pilgrims journey between London and Canterbury Cathedral
|The Canterbury Tales: Chaucer|
|Scientific text that revolutionizes science's view of organic life's origin; natural selection, theory of evolution||On the Origin of Species: Darwin|
|States that man too is subject to the survival of the fittest and evolution.||Descent of Man: Darwin|
|First work to claim there is a contract between the government. He states that this contract could never be revoked.||The Leviathan: Hobbes|
| Calvin's description of the reformed religion. |
The key idea is the doctrine of the elect-predestination.
|[The Institutes] of Christian Religion: Calvin|
| The first modern history book based on empirical data. |
Most of his research was based off the newly discovered ruins of Pompeii.
|The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire: Gibbon|
|Condemnation of the French Revolution. First major work of conservatism.||Reflections on the Revolutions in France: Burke|
|A response to The Declaration of the Rights of Men that argued that if women had the same responsibilities as men, the deserve the same rights.||Declaration of the Rights of Women: de Gouges|
| His condemnation of Luther and the Reformation|
|In Defense Of the Seven Sacraments: Henry VIII|
| His description of the social government|
Differed from Hobbes, he claims that all men are born with the rights of life, liberty, property, and the right to revolt.
|On Civil Government: Locque|
|His description of a perfect world, where all people treat each other with pure Christian kindness.||Utopia: Moore|
| A trilogy; Paradise, Hell, Purgutory|
Written in Italian rather than Latin
|The Divine Comedy: Dante|
|Summarized Newton's work with light||Optica: Newton|
| The first major work of modern political science. |
It is better to be feared than loved.
The ends justify the means.
|The Prince: Machiavelli|
|Luther's Condemnation of the Social Revolt, and the Peasants Revolt of 1525.||Against the Robbing and Murdering Hordes of Peasants: Luther|
|First work to assert the heliocentric theory, published on his deathbed.||On the Revolutions of Heavenly Bodies: Copernicus|
|Explanation of his work with cowpox and smallpox.||Inquiry into the Cause and Effect of Vaccine: Jenner|
| Revolutionary work that opposed hereditary monarchy and argued that man is happiest in the "natural state" and that civilization is corrupting.|
Man is born free, yet everywhere he is in chains.
|The Social Contract: Rousseau|
|Scientific text that proved the heliocentric theory using mathematics, elliptical orbit.||New Astronomy: Kepler|
| Influential political work that advocated the separation of political powers into different branches of government.|
It influenced Madison in the drafting of the U.S. Constitution.
|The Spirit of the Laws: Montesquieu|
| Masterpiece of Spanish vernacular literature. |
Mocks old medieval values.
Hero battles against a windmill, thinking it is a dragon.
|Don Quixote: Cervantes|
| Arguments in favor of indulgences. |
It is a response to Luther's 95 Thesis.
It is a failure, and falls flat.
|122 Thesis: Tetzel|
| Work that captured the new spirit of individualism in the Renaissance. |
"Man can do all things"