Students for a Democratic Society
popular college student organization that protested shortcomings in American life, notably racial injustice and the Vietnam War
Berkeley "People's Park"
Riot protesting the industrialization of the people's park and the Vietnam war
advocated terrorism in the US to stop another Vietnam from happening
believed in anti-materalism, free use of drugs, they had a casual attitude toward sex and anti-conformity; Protestors who influenced US involvement in Vietnam
a rock group from Liverpool
obsession with the Beatles
policy in which the federal government withdrew all official recognition of tribes as legal entities administratively separate from state governments, and made them subject to the same local jurisdictions as white residents, while also encouraging assimilation into white society.
Counter image to the Beatles.
3 day rock concert in 1969, exemplified the counterculture of the late 1960s
Young americans in 60s who rejected conventional customs & mainstream culture
Free Speech Movement
led by Mario Savio it protested on behalf of students rights.
American Indian Movement
led by Dennis Banks and Russell Means to obtain equal rights for Native Americans; protested at Wounded Knee
Declaration of Indian Purpose
manifesto stressing Indian's right to choose their own way of life
Indian Civil Rights Act
Guaranteed Indians the rights granted to other citizens in the Bill of Rights while at the same time recognizing the legitimacy of tribal laws.
after killing Sitting Bull, the 7th Cavalry rounded up Sioux and murdered them
effort to persuade Indians to rise above tribal separations and work together as one race
United Farm Workers
organization of migrant workers formed to win better wages and working conditions led by Cesar Chavez
Program which apprehended and returned some one million illegal immigrants to Mexico
people who fled to the United States from the Cuban port of Mariel
@ a bar called Stonewall Inn - Triggered activist protests among gays and lesbians - police raided gay bar - people fought back - became symbol of oppression of gays, began the gay pride movement
Sandra Day O'Connor
first woman supreme court justice. appointed by Reagan
The Equal Rights Amendment
equal rights for women
Roe v. Wade
legalized abortion on the basis of a woman's right to privacy
Lady Bird Johnson
The first lady; she contributed to improving the environment with her Beautify America Campaign.
Environmental Protection Agency
an independent federal agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment
Port Huron Statement
Manifesto of the Students for a Democratic Society, which criticized the federal government for racial inequality, poverty, and also the Cold War and international peace.
The main negotiator of the peace treaty with the North Vietnamese; secretary of state during Nixon
everyone took a day off work in protest of the war
Nixon and Kissinger came up with this idea to tip the military balance in America's favor by destroying North Vietnamese military bases in Cambodia.
a day was randomly drawn from a box, and all men of age born on that day were drafted.
My Lai massacre
American troops had brutally massacred innocent women and children in the village of My Lai; led to more opposition to the war.
Pol Pot and Khmer Rouge
communists with genocide policies. took over cambodia from the lon nol regime
a plan to limit nuclear arms and also increased trade and exchange of scientific information.
Palestine Liberation Organization
a political movement uniting Palestinian Arabs in an effort to create an independent state of Palestine
The Burger Court
Conservative court led by Warren Burger. Examples: Roe v. Wade.
Bakke v. Board of Regents of California
Supreme Court decision that upheld the legality of affirmative action
Governor of Alabama who ran for President- outspoken opponent of racial integration
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
an organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum
a period of slow economic growth and high unemployment while prices rise
The New Left
social activists of the 1960s who supported the liberal ideas and opposed oppression; made up mainly of college students
response to police raids on the Stonewall Inn. First time the gay community strikes back, refused police presence in the bar. Encouraged many gay men to come out, led to an upsurge in gay rights and activism.
Griswald v. Connecticut
Court ruling of the right to privacy; struck down laws making birth control illegal (precedent for Roe v. Wade)
emphasized more literal equality that would play down domestic roles and qualities for women
"The Feminine Mystique"
by Betty Friedan; described the problems of middle-class American women and the fact that women were being denied equality with men
National Organization of Women
org. that acted from the liberal tenet that women and men are alike in important respects and, therefore, entitled to equal rights and opportunities.
by Kate Millet; said if women wanted to liberate themselves, it could not be done in a marriage
participants in the counterculture demanded more lifestyle freedom
"The Greening of America"
book written by Charles Reich praising the counterculture
Kent State University
college student protests against the Vietnam War. The protest ended with a clash against the police and the death of several students. The incident greatly decreased the support for U.S. involvement in Vietnam and caused even more protest and resentment.
military analyst who released the pentagon papers
The Pentagon Papers
revealed the plans for entering the war even as President Johnson promised he would not send troops to Vietnam. They also showed that there was never any plan to end the war as long as the North Vietnamese persisted.
VP under Nixon, resigned for extortion and bribery charges
"The Christmas bombing"
destructive bombings on north korea lead to peace talks
"balance of power"
distribution of military and economic power that prevents any one nation from becoming too strong
The Nixon Doctrines
US would "participate in the defense and development of allies and friends" but would leave the "basic responsibility" for the future of those "friends" to the nations themselves
Senator and Democratic presidential nominee. lost to Nixon in 1972.
Committee to Re-elect the President
an organization formed to run Nixon's 1972 reelection campaign, which was linked to the Watergate scandal.
Nixon administration's attempt to manage investigations of Watergate and withhold information
The right of the president to withhold info from Congress/ refuse to testify; limited by U.S. v. Nixon
Saturday Night Massacre
dismissal of independent special prosecutor Archibald Cox, and the resignations of Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus during Watergate
evidence that Nixon had participated in the Watergate cover-up, which led to impeachment