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• The portion of the brain overseeing the postural muscles of the body and making rapid adjustments to maintain balance and equilibrium are functions of the

cerebellum

• The anterior pituitary gland consists of the

all choices are correct

• Each of the following effects is associated with the action of postganglionic sympathetic fibers, except

decreased heart rate

• Which of the following is not a hormone produced in the anterior pituitary gland?

oxytocin

• Nicotinic receptors

open sodium channles when stimulated

• _____ is a condition resulting from an inflammation of the facial nerve.

Bell's Palsy

• The levels of hormones in the blood and tissues is controlled by a series of negative feedback loops. This produces a condition known as

homeostasis

• The target cells of oxytocin are

A & C are correct

• Chemoreceptors are most likely to be activated by:

Carbon dioxide

• Major centers concerned with autonomic control of breathing, blood pressure, heart rate, and digestive activities are located in the

medulla olblongata

• Sympathetic and parasympathetic fibers bound for the heart and the lungs pass through the

cardiac plexus

• The parasympathetic nervous system dominates which condition(s)?

rest

• Antidiuretic hormone is produced in the

A & C are correct

• Which of the following is true of proprioceptors? They:

function in realation to movement and position

• Parathyroid hormone

increases calcium ion concentration in the blood

• Nerves that innervate organs in the ventral body cavities are the _____ nerves.

autonomic

• The hypothalamus

all the choices are correct

• The zona reticularis secretes

androgens

• Dual innervation refers to an organ receiving

both sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves

• Glucagon

raises blood sugar and is secreted by alpha cells

• The adrenal medulla secretes

epinephrine and norepinephrine

• _____ is a disorder affecting the comprehension and use of words.

dyslexia

• The target cells of antidiuretic hormone are

kidney tubules

Normal control of the diamter of the respiratory passage depends on

both sympathetic and parasympathetic levels of stimulation

The special senses

are grouped in the tongue, nose, eye, and ear

• The endocrine and nervous systems are similar in that

all of the above

• Approximately 75 percent of parasympathetic outflow is provided by the

vagus nerve

• The event called sympathetic activation

is controlled by sympathetic centers in the hyppthalamus

• Hormones are transported through the

circulatory system and extracellular fluid

• Calcitonin and parathyroid hormone are

antagonists

• The major mineralocorticoid is

aldosterone

• Parasympathetic activities include all of the following, except the

dilatation of the rispiratory passageway

• Epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine are

A & B only are correct

• Neurons of the sympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system release the neurotransmitter _____ at their effectors.

norepinephrine

• The somatic senses enable us to detect sensations such as:

all of the above

• The auditory cortex is located in the

temporal lobe

• The division of the autonomic nervous system that maintains homeostasis during resting conditions is the _____ division.

parasympathetic

• The kidneys secrete

all of the above

• During sympathetic activation, _____ occurs.

elevated blood pressure

• Which of the following controls visceral effectors?

autonomic nervous system

• Increased parasympathetic stimulation

increase gastric motility

• The visual cortex is located in the

occipital lobe

• The primary physiological effect(s) of thyroid hormones are

A & B are correct

Insulin

all of the above

• Visceroceptors are located in which of the following?

internal organs

• The celiac ganglion innervates the

all of the above

• The adrenal medulla secretes

both B & C

• Muscarinic receptors

are activated by acetylcholine

• The major categories of hormones are

amino acid derivatives, peptide hormones, and lipid derivatives

• Postganglionic neurons in the adrenal gland

release epinephrine into blood capillaries

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