being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native; indigenous; N. aborigine
A group or chain of islands
The Association for the Southeast Asian Nations formed in 1967 to promote the prosperity and political stability of its member nations. Currently Brunei, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam are members. Other countries in the region participate as "observer" members.
the process through which people lose originally differentiating traits, such as dress, speech particularities, or mannerisms, when they come into contact with another society or culture. Often used to describe immigrant adaptation to new places of residence.
a small island the shape of a ring or horseshoe formed by deposits of coral sea animals
The isolated reef, located in the Marshall Islands of the central Pacific, that was the site of U.S. nuclear bomb tests, consequently contaminating the atoll with high levels of radiatoin and driving its inhabitants away.
a large area dominated by characteristic plants and animals, such as a rain forest, desert, or tundra
a chief crop of Oceania; dried meat of coconuts
hot springs that shoot jets of steam and heated water into the air
Great Barrier Reef
a 1,250-mile chain of more than 2,500 reefs and islands along Australia's northeast coast, containing some 400 species of coral
An island formed from the mountainous top of an ancient volcano.
A large sheet or shelf of ice that extends into an ocean. The shelf is attached to a glacier, or to land
French colony made up of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam
the development of industries for the machine production of goods
The most powerful and longest-lasting kingdom on the mainland of southwest Asia, centering in what is today Cambodia.
shallow body of water or lake near a sea; lake separated from a sea by sandbars or coral reefs
Land Rights Act of 1976
A special law passed for Aboriginal rights in Australia giving Aboriginal people the right to claim land in the Northern Territory.
pacific island formed of coral and having little vegetation
In Australia, the law case that upheld Aboriginal Eddie Mabo's land came by which the Court recognized that Aboriginal people had owned land before the British arrived.
A state organized as a ring of power around a central court, which often changed in size over time, and which was used instead of borders in early Southeast Asian states
Polynesion people who had settled in New Zealand around A. D. 800
Pacific Ocean region that includes that culturally complex, generally darker-skinned peoples of New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, and Fiji.
A Pacific Ocean region that includes the culturally diverse, generally small islands north of Melanesia. Micronesia includes the Mariana Islands, Marshall Islands, and Federated States of Micronesia.
The group of islands in the Pacific, including Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.
the harsh wilderness region of the central and western plains and plateaus of Australia
A small ship used in the lagoons of islands wher Pacific Islanders settled.
a thinning of stratospheric ozone that occurs over the poles during the spring.
A Maori term for white people, for the New Zealanders of European descent.
land that was rented by ranchers from the Australian government
The British first used Australia as a penal colony, a place where they could send people who had been convicted of crimes.
pacific ocean region unified by language and cultural traditions includes hawaii, samoa, tonga
Conditions that draw people to another location (pull factors) or cause people to leave their homelands and migrate to another region (push factors)
In Australia, what Aboriginal people today call the 100,000 mixed-race children who were taken by the government and given to white families to promote assimilation.
activities in which a family produces only the food, clothing, and shelter they themselves need
A tropical Asian plant with a starchy root, which can be eaten as a boiled vegetable or made into breads, puddings, or a paste called poi
Prevailing winds that blow northeast from 30 degrees north latitude to the equator and that blow southeast from 30 degrees south latitude to the equator
Treaty of Waitangi
The treaty signed by the British and Maori in 1840 giving Britain control over New Zealand.
A prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States.
the double hulled sailing vessels developed by pacific islander for ocean travel
In Australia, the court ruled in this case that Aboriginal people could claim land held under a pastoral lease.