Exam 4

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• The effects of activating the complement system include which of the following:

all of the above

• The lymphatic system does which of the following:

all of the above

• Each of the following arteries carries blood to the heart, except the

common carotid artery

• Regarding fetal circulation, the small vessel connecting the pulmonary artery with the descending thoracic aorta is called the:

ductus arteriosus

• The cells responsible for cellular immunity are the _____ cells.

cytotoxic T

• The vessel that receives blood from the head, neck, chest, shoulders, and arms is the

superior vena cava

• The cells known as lymphocytes

produce proteins called antibodies.

• Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) invades and kills ____ cells first.

helper T cells

• Which of the following vessels carries blood from the lungs to the heart?

pulmonary vein

• The thoracic duct drains lymph from all of the following regions, except the

upper lobe of the right lung

• The type of immunity produced by vaccination would be

active artificial immunity

• The antibody associated with allergic reaction is:

IgE

A vein that returns blood from the head is the:

jugular

• Most of the lymph returns to the venous circulation by way of the

thoracic duct

• Immunity that is genetically determined and present at birth is called _____ immunity

innate

• Immunity that results from antibodies that pass the placenta from mother to fetus is called _____ immunity.

natural passive

• Which of the following is a stretching of the artery walls?

aneurysm

• The primary function of the lymphatic system is

the production, maintenance, and distribution of lymphocytes

• Which of the following statements is true concerning the movement of fluid between capillaries and interstitial space?

all of the above

• The amount of antibodies in a person's blood in response to exposure to a pathogen is called:

titer

• Stem cells that will form B cells and NK cells are found in the

bone marrow

• Both the tunica media and the tunica adventitia are absent in:

capillaries

• The following is a list of the vessels that blood passes through from the heart and back to the heart.
• 1. venules
• 2. arterioles
• 3. capillaries
• 4. large elastic arteries
• 5. medium veins
• 6. large veins
• 7. muscular arteries

• The correct order in which blood passes through these structures from leaving the heart until its return is:

4, 7, 2, 3, 1, 5, 6

• The cells responsible for humoral immunity are the _____ cells

B

• Blood flow to a tissue will increase if the

level of carbon dioxide at the tissue increases.

• Blood moves forward through veins by which of the following

all of the above

• _________ are clusters of lymphatic nodules located beneath the epithelial lining of the small intestine

Peyer's patches

• Which of the following is considered to be an autoimmune disease?

lupus

• In fetal circulation, the ductus venosus:

bypass the liver

• The body's nonspecific defenses include which of the following:

All of the above is a part of the body's nonspecific defenses

• Lymphocytes are located in each of the following tissues or organs, except the

brain

• In active immunization, the

body is deliberately exposed to an antigen.

• The blood osmotic pressure is most affected by changes in the

concentration of plasma proteins.

• Immunity that results from the natural exposure to an antigen in the environment is called _____ immunity.

active

• The _____ divides the aorta into a superior thoracic aorta and an inferior abdominal aorta.

diaphram

• Which of the following act as blood reservoirs

veins

• The structural components of the circulatory system include the:

heart and blood vessels

• The order of blood flow through the vessels is:

arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, and veins

• Which of the following is not a characteristic of inflammation?

all of the above are characteristics of inflammation

• The lymphatic system is composed of all of the following, except

the carina

• The tissue layers of blood vessels from exterior to interior are:

tunica adventitia, tunica media, and tunica intima.

• The term lymphadenopathy refers to

a chronic or excessive enlargement of lymph nodes

• An inflammatory response is triggered when

mast cells release histamine, serotonin, and heparin.

• In fetal circulation, the ductus arteriosus and foramen ovale:

bypass the lungs

• Each of the following arteries is a part of the circle of Willis, except the

basilar artery

• Which of the following vessels do not have the ability to constrict and dilate?

capillaries

• As the external iliac artery enters the thigh, its name changes to the:

femoral artery

• Inflammation mediators include:

all of the above

• All arteries of the systemic circulation branch from the:

aorta

• Atherosclerosis is characterized by the deposition of lipids in the:

tunica intima

• Macromolecules that induce the immune system to make certain responses are called:

antigens

• Which of the following is(are) true of the thymus gland:

all of the above

• All the following are major branches of the aortic arch except the:

coronary

• Compared to blood capillaries, lymph capillaries exhibit which of the following:

all of the above

• The muscular layer of a blood vessel is the.

tunica media

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