Carbohydrates

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Monosaccharide

Simplest carbohydrate
Has a single sugar molecule
ex: fructose, glucose

What is the sugar molecule formula?

(CH2O)n where n is any number from 3-8

What is the glucose and fructose formula?

C6 H12 O6

Disaccharide

Two sugar molecules joined by glycosidic linkage

Dehydration Reaction

Also known as condensation reaction
Simple water molecule is lost

Polysaccharide

Serioes of connected monosaccharides
Polymer, because has repeating units of a monosaccharide
ex: Starch, Glycogen

Starch

Polymer of alpha-glucose molecules, energy storage molecule in plant cells

Glycogen

Polymer of alpha-glucose molecules, major energy storage molecule in animal cells

Carbohydrate

Organic Compound
Consists only of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen (1:2:1 ratio)

What are the functions of Carbohydrates?

Energy
Structure
Metabolism
Sugar Storage

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