Fee and Stuart: Pages 55 - 70
True or False: The epistles are generally pretty easy to interpret according to the text.
What is the difference between 'real letters' and epistles according to Diessmann?
they were non-literary-not written for the public and for posterity. Intended only for the person or persons to whom they were addressed.
artistic literary form speceies of literature intended for the public.
What is an occasional document?
occasional documents (i.e., arising out of and intended for a specific occasion),
Why are they sometimes difficult to interpret?
It is precisely these factors—that they are occasional and that they belong to the first century—that make their interpretation difficult at times.
What do the writers mean by THINK PARAGRAPHS?
Explain the point of each paragraph as a whole. State the content of each paragraph. Why is Paul saying this in the argument. Ask over and again, "What's the point?"
Know the authors' recommendations for dealing with the problem passages found in the epistles.
1. They were not written directly to us. 2. What can be said for certain. 3. Very often the meaning is within our grasp "proof from experience" 4. consult a good commentary which lists reasons for and against. 5.Even scholars don't have all the answers.
Fee and Stuart Pages 71-88
What is the great flaw of common hermeneutics the authors mention?
our lack of consistency
Know the examples of the flaw.
Bringing Paul's cloak.
Know "The Basic Rule"
a text cannot mean what it never could have meant to its author or his or her readers.
"The Second Rule".
Whenever we share comparable particulars (i.e., similar specific life situations) with the first-century hearers, God's Word to us is the same as his Word to them
What is "The Problem of Extended Application"?
When there are comparable particulars and comparable contexts in today's church, is it legitimate to extend the application of the text to other contexts, or to make a text apply to a context totally foreign to its firstcentury setting?
Understand the comment about Romans 14.
People are neither to judge nor discourage one another on issues of conscience that are not inherently moral matters.
Understand the comments about the central core of the Bible and what is dependent on it and peripheral to it.
Thus the fallenness of all humanity, redemption from that fallenness as God's gracious activity through Christ's death and resurrection, the consummation of that redemptive work by the return of Christ, etc., are clearly part of this central core. But the holy kiss, women's head coverings, and charismatic ministries and gifts would seem to be less so
Know the "Problem of Task Theology".
1. Because of the epistles' occasional nature, we must be content at times with some limitations to our theological understanding. 2. Sometimes our theological problems with epistles derive from the fact that we are asking our questions of texts that by their occasional nature are answering their questions only.
Harbin: Chapter 23
Why were there apparently no synagogues in Philippi, and what did Paul do as a result?
Philippi tended to follow carefully the leading of Rome. it is possible that the Jews had been cast out of Philippi. Consequently, when Paul and Silas arrived in the fall of 50, they did not find a synagogue in which they could follow their standard process. So on the Sabbath, they went outside the city, looking for "a place of prayer."
Why did Paul get into trouble with some businessmen in Philippi?
He healed a possessed fortuneteller who was being exploited.
What happened while Paul and Silas were in prison?
About midnight, there was an earthquake that shook the foundations of the prison. The doors of the prison broke open, and the chains of all the prisoners fell off. Awakened from his sleep, the jailer saw the result and despaired.With the prison doorsopened, there was no question in his mind but that the prisoners had escaped. Since his life was forfeit, he planned to avoid the embarrassment of the trial and commit suicide. However, Paul cried out for him not to do it since they were all present.
Why did Paul have trouble with the Jews in Thessalonica?
His teaching created jealousy and conflict with Jews who did not accept the messiahship of Jesus. They gathered their forces, including a number of "bad characters" from the marketplace, and started a riot.
What distinguished the Jews in Berea?
They searched the Scriptures to verify Paul's words.
What did Paul do in Athens while he was waiting for his friends?
Preached and taught
Whom did Paul meet in Corinth, and how did they work together?
a Jewish believer named Aquila and his wife,Priscilla.10 They had just recently arrived from Rome because Claudius had expelled the Jews out of the city
Why did Paul write two letters to the Thessalonians? What was their content?
To clarify doctrine and encourage them.
What did Paul and Silas do at the end of their stay in Corinth
Harbin Chapter 24
What pattern of evangelism did Paul use in every new city, including Ephesus?
He went to the Jews first. And then to the Gentiles.
What were the results of the time Paul spent in Ephesus?
Paul's teachings drove a wedge among the Jews. When this occurred, Paul left the synagogue group and began to meet with the disciples in the lecture hall of Tyrannus
Why were there schisms in the Corinthian church?
What were Paul's conclusions on the issue of marriage as discussed in 1 Corinthians?
marriage was good. It would be better to be single, if a person were able, for the purposes of ministry.But that was true only if he or she could be single without falling into immorality.If not, it would be better to be married.
What did Paul conclude about Christian liberty in 1 Corinthians?
Paul asserted that while we have freedom in Christ, that does not mean that there are no limits. Rather, the limits are selfimposed,
What were the issues of worship that Paul addressed in 1 Corinthians?
Paul's next area of concern revolved around issues of worship. There were threequestions.What was the role of women in worship? What was the proper way to celebrate the Lord's Supper? How should spiritual gifts be used in worship?
What was Paul's view on the resurrection as expressed in 1 Corinthians?
Jesus rose from the dead as will we. Paul terms it a mystery: not all Christians will die, but all Christians will be changed into a new spiritual body, in an instant, at the last trumpet.
Why did Paul change his plans before he wrote 2 Corinthians?
Because of the reception he had received the last time he visited. To wait and clear up some issues.
What was the concern Paul expressed in 2 Corinthians about the person who had repented?
Paul's encouragement was that the purpose of strong action within the church is to promote repentance, not to punish. Now that the sinner had genuinely repented, he must be accepted back into fellowship.
Why was Paul asking for an offering, and how did he plan on collecting it? Why?
The Corinthians had made some promises regarding the offering they were going to make for the believers in Judea who were suffering. Paul wanted them to follow through.
Harbin Chapter 25
Why did Paul write the letter to the Romans?
The reason for the letter was at least fourfold. First, there was the opportunity. Phoebe was going to Rome and thus was a ready messenger. Then there was the greeting of old friends. Third, there was his need to introduce himself to the Roman church. The fourth reason involved the importance of Rome. As the capital of the empire, it was an obvious goal.
Why is Israel an issue in the book of Romans?
Thus, Paul divided the nation of Israel into two parts: a majority who had rejected God and His Messiah through unbelief, and a "remnant" who had accepted God and His Messiah through faith or belief. As such, he argued that God's covenant with Israel had not failed because many individuals were part of the new covenant
Why did Paul go to Jerusalem?
He was determined to get there before Pentacost
Why was there a riot in Jerusalem?
They believed he brought a Gentile into the Temple
Why did Paul end up in Caesarea?
It was the administrative center.
Why did Paul appeal to Caesar?
He was a Roman citizen and he wanteed to witness to Caesar
are hard to interpret because we do not always know the questions or problems of the they addressed.
was to clarify what happened in Ephesus.
The epistles were not written primarily to directly expound theology.
Paul made businessmen in Philippi angry because he healed a demon possessed girl.
Paul and Silas's jailer in Philippi was led to faith in Christ.
In the first three chapters of Romans Paul basically sums up that everyone is guilty before God of sin.
Paul left Corinth (probably in April of 57) and began his journey to Jerusalem to meet James and the elders.
Paul went to the Jews first at the local synagogue in every new city he visited.
In 1 Corinthians Paul says all Christians will be changed in an instant at the last trumpet.
Paul and his shipmates survived the ship wreck off of Malta.
There were no synagogues in Philippi because the Jews had been cast out of Rome and likely out of Philippi as well.
The great flaw of common hermeneutics not being consistent and bringing our own theological heritage, church traditions, and cultural norms into the text as we read them.
The Jews in Thessalonica accused Paul of advocating beliefs that were "un-Roman".
"The Basic Rule" Stuart and Fee mention in approaching the 'meaning of a text' is that the text cannot mean what it never meant.
Paul changed his plans before he wrote 2 Corinthians because he wanted to clear up some issues before returning..
The Athenians sneered at the concept of the resurrection of Jesus.
The problems in the Corinthian church centered on church division, Immorality, questions about marriage, and questions about the resurrection.