Oftentimes there are unusual circumstances surrounding the birth of a hero.
The call to adventure
Heroes can begin their journeys in a number of different ways, but usually a traumatic event occurs that leads to the hero wanting or needing to leave home.
The hero is usually aided by someone, often old and wise, with magical and mystical power. This figure serves as a guide and mentor as the hero embarks into a new world and faces challenges to his or her life and character.
Talisman or special weapon
The hero often has a weapon or protective device given to him or her that will be useful on the journey. The supernatural helper may be the one to give the hero the weapon or to tell him or her about it.
Crossing the threshold
At some point, the hero leaves the familiar, safe world of childhood and home and enters fully into the new world of the journey.
The hero has to succeed at a series of trials that challenge and build his or her moral strength and character. Typically, one of these trials involves a descent into the underworld where the hero may experience a wound that cannot be healed.
Achievement of goal
Upon successful completion of the trials, the hero achieves the ultimate goal of the journey.
Reconciliation with a father-figure
If a division or conflict with the hero's father or father-figure is part of the hero's journey, reconciliation or healing with the father occurs as part of the hero's journey.
The hero, sometimes willingly and sometimes unwillingly, again crosses the threshold and returns home. He or she brings new wisdom and important cultural values back to the community upon return.