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Lab Test 1

skull

bony portion of head; encloses and protects brain and gives shape to face.

face

anterior portion of head not normally covered by scalp.

neck

area between head and trunk.

trunk

central body area to which head and limbs are attatched

chest

area of trunk between neck and abdomen; contains heart and lungs; diaphragm forms boundary of abdomen.

abdomen

area of trunk between chest and pelvis; contains digestive organs; hip bones form lower boundary of abdomen.

pelvis

area of trunk below abdomen; contains internal reproductive organs and urinary bladder

back

posterior portion of trunk between neck and buttocks.

shoulder

curved area where upper limb attaches to upper border of trunk

armpit

under-arm area where upper limp attatches to trunk.

arm

area of upper limp between shoulder and elbow.

forearm

area of upper limp between elbow and wrist.

wrist

portion of hand that connects hand to forearm

hand

includes wrist and fingers.

buttocks

rounded area on posterior surface where thigh attatches to trunk.

groin

area of anterior surface marked by a crease where lower limb attaches to the pelvis

thigh

area of lower limb above knee

leg

area of lower limb between knee and ankle.

ankle

portion of food that connects to leg.

foot

includes ankle and toes.

ante-

prefix meaning before or in front or

cubit-

root work means elbow

-al

a suffix meaning pertaining to

axial

pertaining to the central part of the body, the head and trunk

cephalic

pertaining to the head

cranial

pertaining to the portion of the skull surrounding the brain

facial

pertaining to the face

frontal

pertaining to the forehead

orbital

pertaining to the eye

otic

pertaining to the ear

nasal

pertaining to the nose

buccal

pertaining to the cheek

oral

pertaining to the mouth

mental

pertaining to the chin

occipital

pertaining to the back of the head

cervical

pertaining to the neck

thoracic

pertaining to the chest

sternal

pertaining to the breast bone

mammary

pertaining to the breast

abdominal

pertaining to the abdomen

umbilical

pertaining to the navel

coxal

pertaining to the hip

pelvic

pertaining to the pelvis

pubic

pertaining to the genital area

dorsal

pertaining to the back

scapular

pertaining to the shoulder blade region

vertebral

pertaining to the spinal column

lumbar

pertaining to the area of the back between the lowest rib and buttocks

appendicular

pertaining to the extremities or limbs

acromial

pertaining to the highest point of the shoulder

axillary

pertaining to the armpit

brachial

pertaining to the arm.

antecubital

pertaining to the anterior surface of the elbow

olecranal

pertaining to the posterior of the elbow

antebrachial

pertaining to the forearm

carpal

pertaining to the wrist

manual

pertaining to the hand

palmar

pertaining to the palm.

digital

pertaining to the digits (fingers).

inguinal

pertaining to the groin where the thigh attaches to the pelvis

gluteal

pertaining to the buttocks

femoral

pertaining to the thigh

patellar

pertaining to the anterior surface of the knee

popliteal

pertaining to the posterior surface of the knee

crural

pertaining to the anterior surface of the leg.

fibular or peroneal

pertaining to the lateral side of the leg

sural

pertaining to the posterior surface of the leg.

tarsal

pertaining to the ankle

pedal

pertaining to the foot

plantar

pertaining to the sole of the foot

calcaneal

pertaining to the heel

digital

pertaining to the digits (toes)

superior

above

inferior

below

anterior (ventral)

closer to the front of the body

posterior

closer to the back of the body

medial

closer to the midline of the body

lateral

farther from the midline of the body

intermediate

between two structures

ipsilateral

one same side of the body

contralateral

on opposite sides of the body

proximal

nearer to point of attchment of limb to trunk

distal

farther from point of attachment of limb to trunk

superficial

closer to the surface of the body

deep

farther from surface of body

head to neck

superior

nose to eyes

medial

elbow to shoulder and wrist

intermediate

right arm and right leg

ipsilateral

elbow to wrist

proximal

muscles to skin

deep

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